Working in a voluntary capacity
Graphs on this page:
- People on low incomes are much less likely to have worked in a voluntary capacity than those on higher incomes: around a sixth of the poorest fifth of the population rising to a third of the richest fifth.
- Similarly, people from routine or manual backgrounds are much less likely to have worked in a voluntary capacity than those from other backgrounds and those living in social housing much less likely than owner occupiers.
- Finally, people living in urban areas are less likely to have in a voluntary capacity than those living in rural areas, particularly remote rural areas. Similarly, people living in deprived areas are much less likely to have worked in a voluntary capacity than those living in other areas.
- In all cases, however, a majority of people have not worked in a voluntary capacity.
Definitions and data sources
All five graphs show the proportion of people who have worked in a voluntary capacity in a 12-month period.
In the first graph, the data is broken down by the type of area using a six category urban-rural hierarchy stretching from the four cities at one end to remote rural areas at the other. The definitions are: ‘the four cities’: Glasgow, Edinburgh, Dundee and Aberdeen; ‘other urban’: population between 10,000 and 125,000; ‘small accessible’: population between 3,000 to 10,000 and within 30 minutes drive of a settlement of more than 10,000; ‘small remote’: population between 3,000 to 10,000 and more than 30 minutes drive of a settlement of more than 10,000; ‘accessible rural’: population less than 3,000 and within 30 minutes drive of a settlement of more than 10,000; and ‘remote rural’: population less than 3,000 and more than 30 minutes drive of a settlement of more than 10,000.
In the second graph, the data is broken down by the level of deprivation of the area, using the 2006 Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation.
In the third graph, the data is broken down by net income quintile. Note that these incomes are the net income of the highest income earner in the household and partner (if applicable). As such, they are not directly comparable with other surveys and single person households will be disproportionately represented in the poorest quintile.
In the fourth graph, the data is broken down by housing tenure.
In the fifth graph, the data is broken down by social class (omitting those whose social class is not known, which is around a third of them).
The data source for all the graphs is the Scottish Household Survey (SHS). To improve its statistical reliability, the data is the average for the latest three years.
Overall adequacy of the indicator: high. The SHS is a large survey designed to be representative of private households and of the adult population in private households in Scotland.
Definitions and data sources
- See more results from the Scottish Household Survey on volunteering.
- See the Scottish Government’s Active Communities Strategy.
- See ONS Social Trends, Chapter 13 on general attitudes towards participation in political/voluntary activities.
- See the Robert Puttnam’s research.