Updated Wales indicators

  • Numbers in low income:
    • first graph (over time): the estimated number of people who are in low-income households fell in 2008/09 after rising in 2007/08. Current trends are therefore unclear.
    • second graph (fixed low-income threshold): the proportion of people in households below a fixed 1994/95 low-income threshold halved in the period to 2002/03 but has remained largely unchanged since then.
    • third graph (compared to Great Britain – over time): the proportion of people in low-income households in Wales has followed broadly similar trends over time as that for Great Britain as a whole.
    • fourth graph (compared to Great Britain – by region): the proportion of people in low-income households in Wales is slightly higher than the Great Britain average, as it was a decade ago.
  • Low income by age group:
    • first graph (risks): children remain more much likely to live in low-income households than either working-age adults or pensioners.
    • second graph (shares): a third of all people in low-income households are working-age adults without dependent children.
  • Low income by family type:
    • first graph (by family type): half of all people in lone parent families are in low income. This is more than double the rate for couples with children.
    • second graph (depth of low income): three-quarters of the people with very low incomes are either working-age adults without children or in couples with children. Relatively few are either pensioners or in lone parent families.
  • Income inequalities
    • first graph (over time): the poorest tenth have 1½% of total income whilst the second poorest tenth have 4%. The richest tenth have 25-30%.
    • second graph (shares): the income of the richest tenth is similar to the income of all those on below-average incomes (i.e. the bottom five tenths) combined.
    • third graph (Compared to Great Britain): income inequality in Wales is less than in Great Britain as a whole.
  • Children in low-income households:
    • first graph (over time): children continue to be much more likely to live in low-income households than adults.
    • second graph (by family type): half of all people in lone parent families are in low income. This is more than double the rate for couples with children.
    • third graph (by work status): unless all adults in the family are working (and at least one of them full time), the risks of a child being in low income are substantial.
    • fourth graph (shares): half of the children in low-income households live in families where at least one of the adults is in paid work.
    • fifth graph (compared to Great Britain): the proportion of children in low-income households in Wales is now similar to the Great Britain average, having been higher than average a decade ago.
  • Working-age adults in low income:
    • first graph (over time): the proportion of working-age adults who are in low-income households is similar to a decade ago.
    • second graph (compared to the United Kingdom): the proportion of working-age adults who are in low-income households in Wales is slightly higher than the UK average.
  • Low income by work status:
    • first graph (over time): the only families with a low risk of low income are those where all the adults are working.
    • second graph (shares): among working-age adults in low income, almost half now have someone in their family who is in paid work.
    • third graph (by family type): for working-age adults in low income in both working and workless families, the proportion who do not have dependent children has increased.
  • Older people in low income:
    • first graph (over time): pensioners are now much less likely to be living in low income than non-pensioners.
    • second graph (by family type): the one in five pensioners who are in low income compares to half of all people in lone parent families.
    • third graph (by depth): Unlike working-age adults, relatively few low-income pensioners have a very low income.
    • fourth graph (compared to the United Kingdom): the proportion of pensioners in low income in Wales is similar to the UK average.