Updated UK indicators

  • Children in workless households:
    • fifth graph (compared to Europe): the UK has a higher proportion of its children living in workless households than any other EU country.
  • Young adult low pay:
    • first and second graphs (over time): in 2009, two-thirds of all employees aged 18 to 21 – both men and women – were paid less than £7 per hour.
    • third graph (by gender and low pay threshold): for those aged 18 to 21, the distribution of pay rates are similar for men and women.
    • fourth graph (by age): between the ages of 18 and 21, half of all full-time employees are paid less than £7 per hour. This is in sharp contrast to those aged 22 and over.
  • Workless households:
    • third graph (compared to Europe): the UK has a higher proportion of its working-age population living in workless households than most other EU countries.
  • Numbers in low pay:
    • first and second graphs (over time): the proportion of employees aged 22 and over who were low paid fell between 2002 and 2005 but has not changed much since then. In 2009, 22% of the women – and 11% of the men – were paid less than £7 per hour.
    • third graph (by gender and low pay threshold): whatever low-pay threshold is used, the proportion of working women who are low paid is around twice that of working men.
    • fourth graph (by age): at all ages, at least a third of part-time employees are paid less than £7 per hour. Except for the 18-21 age group, the proportion of full-time employees paid less than £7 per hour is much lower.
    • fifth graph (by occupation): in two areas of occupation – elementary and sales & customer service – three-quarters of part-time employees are paid less than £7 per hour.
    • sixth graph (shares by gender): more than half of those paid less than £7 per hour are part-time workers, mainly women.
    • seventh graph (shares by age): almost half of those paid less than £7 per hour are aged 40 or over.
  • Location of low pay:
    • first graph (by region): in most regions, at least a fifth of all female employees earn less than £7 per hour.
  • Pay inequalities:
    • first graph (over time): pay inequalities between men and women have somewhat reduced at the bottom but not at the top.
    • second graph (by gender): two-fifths of all part-time workers – both men and women – are paid less than £7 per hour.
    • third graph (by region): pay inequalities are greater in London, South East and East than elsewhere.
  • Fuel poverty:
    • first graph (over time): 2.8 million households in England were classified as being in fuel poverty in 2007, lower than in 1996 but higher than at any point this decade.
    • second graph (by housing tenure): fuel poverty is most common among those live in private rented accommodation.
    • seventh graph (by region): within England, fuel poverty is most prevalent in the North East.