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Notes

Work-related websites

Introduction

The main sources for work-related data are large government surveys, each of which is discussed in the relevant survey pages rather than here.  These surveys are:

This page focuses on those aspects of work where the data is either not available from these surveys or where they are not the recommended source.  More specifically, it covers:

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Take-up of out-of-work benefits

Sources

In summary:

Use made on this website

Indicator Scope Graphs Update timing Comments
Pensioner take-up of benefits Great Britain first and second September

For Pension Credit: tables 1.1, 1.2, 1.3 and 1.4.

For Council Tax Benefit: tables 4.1 and 4.2.

For Housing Benefit: tables 3.1 and 3.2.

In each case, estimate the numbers as the mid-points between the low-end and high-end estimates.

third and fourth March

The estimates for Pension Credit are published separately and earlier than those for the other benefits.

Tables 1.1, 1.2, 1.3 and 1.4.

Estimate the numbers as the mid-points between the low-end and high-end estimates.

Housing Benefit Great Britain first September

Tables 3.1 and 3.2.

Estimate the numbers as the mid-points between the low-end and high-end estimates.

third irregular

The data has to be requested.

Because the data is only available for the Great Britain as a whole, there are no equivalent graphs for Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland.

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Benefits in Northern Ireland

Sources

In summary:

Use made on this website

Indicator Update timing Graphs Comments
Location of low income October second

Use February quarter data.

Table PC9.2 from the Pension Credit summary of statistics.

Use claimants rather than beneficiaries and exclude those in receipt of the savings element only.

Working-age out-of-work benefit recipients September first, fourth and fifth

The data has to be requested.

second

Use February quarter data.

Tables B7 and C9 from the Incapacity Benefit and Severe Disablement Allowance statistics.

third

Use February quarter data.

Tables B8 and C3 from the Incapacity Benefit and Severe Disablement Allowance statistics.

Long-term working-age out-of-work benefit recipients September first

The data has to be requested.

second

Use February quarter data.

Tables B8 and C3 from the Incapacity Benefit and Severe Disablement Allowance statistics.

Daily living allowance recipients September first

Use February quarter data.

Table DLA2 from the Disability Living Allowance statistics.

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Low pay

Sources

In summary:

Use made on this website

Indicator Scope Update timing Graphs Comments
Young adult low pay UK November first and second

Use the 18-21 aged group.

Calculate the low pay threshold for each year by taking a given pay threshold in the latest year and deflating this threshold by the ONS average earnings index using the seasonally adjusted (LNMQ) index.

For each year, the percentage of people paid less than the threshold will lie somewhere between the lower and upper 10p bands.  Given this, use the technique of interpolation to estimate the percentage (a more detailed discussion of how to use interpolation for this purpose is given in the page on the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings).

Numbers in low pay UK November first and second

Use the 22+ aged group.

Use the same methods of calculation as for the young adult low pay indicator above.

Because the data is only available for the UK as a whole, there are no equivalent over-time graphs for Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland.

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Tax credits

Sources

In summary:

Use made on this website

Indicator Scope Update timing UK graphs Comments
In receipt of tax credits UK April first and second

Use table 3 of the geographical statistics where the relevant columns are those headed 'With children - with CTC more than the family element' and 'With no children'.  Exclude the column headed 'With CTC at or below the family element' because these recipients are not part of the means-tested part of tax credits.  Exclude the column headed 'Out of Work' because these are people who are in receipt of out-of-work benefits but where their child supplements are, for administrative reasons, considered to be tax credits.

There is an issue of what working-age household estimates to use as the denominator.  Such data is only directly available from the 2001 Census but, as the number of households is increasing quite rapidly, using this as a denominator for all years potentially over-states the rate of increase in tax credits.  The solution adopted is to estimate the total number of working-age households by multiplying the total number of households in each year by the proportion of total households who were of working-age in the 2001 Census.

Uses an intermediate spreadsheet to hold all the data for all the years.

Childcare provision Northern Ireland April second

Table 8.3.

Need to use the divide the numbers getting the childcare element by the total numbers getting CTC (from the indicator above).

The graphs for Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are effectively a subset of the UK graphs.

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Jobs

Sources

In summary:

Note that the data from the Annual Business Inquiry and from other employer surveys relates to the location where an individual works rather than where they live.

Use made on this website

Indicator Scope Update timing Graphs Comments
blue collar jobs UK July first, second and third

Go to the ONS Labour Market Statistics page and select the relevant month.  Uses the March data which is published in the July reports.

Select 'data tables' then 'further labour market statistics' then 'table 6.06 workforce jobs by region and industry'.

The estimates are subject to substantial revision from time to time so all the old figures should be over-written each time.

blue collar jobs Northern Ireland July first, second. seventh and eighth

Go to the ONS Labour Market Statistics page and select the relevant month.  Uses the March data which is published in the July reports.

Select 'data tables' then 'further labour market statistics' then 'table 6.06 workforce jobs by region and industry'.

The estimates are subject to substantial revision from time to time so all the old figures should be over-written each time.

June third, fourth and fifth Table 5.9 from the Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment website

The graphs for Scotland and Wales are effectively a subset of the UK graphs.

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Job insecurity

Sources

In summary:

Use made on this website

Indicator Scope Update timing Graphs Comments
Insecure at work Great Britain May first This data is not publicly available and has to be requested.

The graphs for Scotland and Wales are effectively a subset of the Great Britain graph.

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European comparisons

Sources

In summary:

Note that the placement of particular indicators on the Eurostat website changes from time to time.

Use made on this website

Indicator UK graphs Update timing Comments
Numbers in low income fourth irregular The latest data may differ by a few years for some countries.
Children in workless households fourth
Without a basic qualification at age 19 fifth
Workless households third

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