Physical environment

Graphs on this page:

Supporting information:

Key points

  • There is a strong relationship between the state of the local outdoor physical environment and the level of deprivation of the area.  For example, well over half of areas with the worst physical environment are in the most deprived fifth of all local areas.
  • The relationship between housing quality and deprivation is much less clear and, indeed, bad housing quality is more prevalent in areas with average deprivation than in those with high deprivation.

Definitions and data sources

The first graph shows, for each level of overall deprivation, the proportion of super output areas who are in the lowest fifth for outdoor physical environment and housing quality respectively.

The second graph shows,  for each level of overall deprivation, the share of the super output areas that are in the worst fifth for outdoor physical environment.

The data source for both graphs is the super output area level 2010 Multiple Deprivation Measure (MDM),  with the super output areas being grouped into five equal groups according to their MDM score.  The rankings for outdoor physically environment and housing quality both come from the ‘living environment’ domain of the MDM.  Note that there is little risk of multi co-linearity in doing this, as the living environment makes up only 5% of the total deprivation score.

Overall adequacy of indicator: limited.  The measure of physical environment is based on a subjective judgement of a surveyor, and may vary from one area to the next.  Furthermore, the data on housing quality is derived from the Home Condition Survey and, as such, is based on very small samples at a small area level.