Access to training

Graphs on this page:

Supporting information:

Key points

  • Throughout the last decade, people with no qualifications have been around three times less likely to receive job-related training than those with some qualifications.
  • The less qualifications a person has, the less job-related training they are likely to receive.  For example, around 10% of employees with no qualifications report that they have received job-related training in the last three months.  By contrast, among those with a higher educational qualification, the proportion receiving job-related training rises to 40%.
  • This pattern is reflected in the proportions receiving training according to the nature of their occupation.  So, for example, around 15% of those in elementary (routine) occupations and plant & machine operatives receive any job-related training in any three-month period compared to around 40% of those in professional occupations.
  • The best access to training is in the public sector.

Definitions and data sources

The first graph is concerned with the question of whether work-based training is a benefit that is enjoyed at least as much by those with low levels of qualification as others.  It shows the proportion of employees who have had some job-related training in the last three months, with the data shown separately for those with some previous qualifications and those without.  The qualifications include both academic and vocational qualifications and both current qualifications (e.g. GCSEs) and qualifications which have been awarded in the past (e.g. O levels).

The second graph shows a breakdown by level of their highest educational qualification.  As there are many possible qualifications, these have been grouped into a limited number of groups after taking advice from the Scottish Government.

The third graph shows a breakdown by occupation group.  Note that the major occupations under the title ‘personal service’ are related to healthcare and childcare services.  Those under ‘elementary’ relate to routine occupations.

The fourth graph shows a breakdown by broad industry group.  Of the 21 Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) 2007 industry sectors, the 6 smallest have been omitted for presentational purposes whilst a number of others have been combined: ‘transport and communications’ is industry codes H and J; ‘other private sector services’ is codes L-N; ‘public sector’ is codes O-Q; and ‘community services’ is codes R-S.

The data source for all the graphs is the Labour Force Survey (LFS).  The figures for each year are the average for the four quarters of the relevant year.  To improve their statistical reliability, the data for the second, third and fourth graphs is the average for the latest three years.  The training includes that paid for by employers and by employees themselves.

Overall adequacy of the indicator: medium.  The LFS is a large, well-established, quarterly government survey of households designed to be representative of the population as a whole.  But a single, undifferentiated notion of ‘training,’ without reference to its length or nature, lessens the value of the indicator.