November 2011

Updated UK indicators

  • CHildren in workless households:
    • fifth graph (compared to the European Union): the UK has a higher proportion of its children living in workless households than any other EU country except Ireland.
  • Children with a criminal record:
    • first graph (over time): the number of children cautioned for indictable offences has fallen sharply since 2007 and is now at the lowest for many years.
    • second graph (by age – rates): the peak rate for for offending is at ages 17 to 20.
    • third graph (by age – shares): almost half of the offences committed by children are committed by those aged 15 or under.
    • fourth graph (by gender): four times as many boys are found guilty of, or cautioned for, indictable offences as girls but the difference is much less for theft and much greater for drug offences.
  • Looked-after children:
    • first graph (over time): there are 65,000 looked-after children in England, slightly more than a decade ago.
    • third graph (status at age 19): a third of previously looked-after children are not in education, employment or training at age 19.
  • Young adults with a criminal record:
    • first graph (over time): the number of 18- to 20-year-olds found guilty of an indictable offence fell between 1999 and 2004 but has remained broadly unchanged since then.
  • Concentrations of worklessness:
    • first graph (over time): overall, claimant numbers have followed similar trends in both the areas with the most claimants and the areas with the least claimants.
    • second graph (rates): 30% of working-age people receive out-of-work benefits in the areas with the highest concentrations. This compares with 12% in areas with average concentrations.
    • third graph (shares): 40% of working-age recipients of out-of-work benefits live in a fifth of small areas, whilst the other 60% live outside of these areas.
  • Workless households:
    • third graph (compared to the European Union): the UK has a higher proportion of its working-age population living in workless households than most other EU countries.
  • Premature death:
    • third graph (by social class): men aged 25-64 from routine or manual backgrounds are twice as likely to die as those from managerial or professional backgrounds. There are also similar proportion differences for women aged 25-59.
    • fourth graph (by cause – men only): the two biggest causes of death among men aged 25 to 64 are cancers and circulatory diseases (including heart disease).
  • Excess winter deaths:
    • first graph (over time): each year around 20,000 more people aged 65 or over die in winter months than in other months.
    • second graph (by region): the rate of excess winter deaths amongst those aged 65 and over is similar in all regions.

Updated Scotland indicators

  • Low birthweight babies:
    • first graph (over time): the proportion of babies born with a low birthweight is similar to a decade ago.
    • second graph (by population group): babies born to parents in high-deprivation areas are more likely to be of low birthweight than those in low-deprivation areas.
    • third graph (by health board): the proportion of babies who are of low birthweight is similar across most of Scotland.
  • Concentrations of worklessness:
    • first graph (over time): over the last decade, claimant numbers in the areas with the most claimants have fallen at a slightly slower rate than those in the areas with the least claimants.
    • second graph (rates): around a third of working-age people receive out-of-work benefits in the areas with the highest concentrations. This compares with around 15% in areas with average concentrations.
    • third graph (shares): around 40% of working-age recipients of out-of-work benefits live in a fifth of small areas, whilst the other 60% live outside of these areas.
  • Excess winter deaths:
    • first graph (over time): each year around 2,000 more people aged 65 and over die in winter months than in other months.
  • Homelessness:
    • first graph (over time): the number of households who are newly homeless has remained unchanged over the last seven years.
    • second graph (by household type): three-fifths of those officially recognised as homeless are single adults with no dependent children. Most of the others are lone parents, with relatively few being couples.
    • third graph and map (by local authority): every local authority has a homelessness problem, but West Dunbartonshire, Falkirk and Glasgow have the greatest problems.
  • Burglaries:
    • first graph (over time): the number of burglaries recorded by the police is now a third of what it was in the mid 1990s.
    • second graph (by local authority): in terms of recorded crime, Aberdeen, Edinburgh and Dundee have the most burglaries.

Updated Wales indicators

  • Concentrations of worklessness:
    • first graph (over time): whilst the number of claimants in the areas with the least claimants is much lower than a decade ago, the number of claimants in the areas with the most claimants is now nearly back to its level of a decade ago.
    • second graph (rates): around a third of working-age people receive out-of-work benefits in the areas with the highest concentrations. This is twice the rate for areas with average concentrations.
    • third graph (shares): around 40% of working-age recipients of out-of-work benefits live in a fifth of small areas, whilst the other 60% live outside of these areas.
  • Excess winter deaths:
    • first graph (over time): each year around 1,500 more people aged 65 or over die in winter months than in other months.
    • second graph (compared to England): the rate of excess winter deaths amongst those aged 65 and over in Wales is similar to that in all of the English regions.
  • Help for older people from social services:
    • first graph (over time): the number of people aged 65 and over receiving home care almost halved between 1994 and 2001 but has remained fairly steady since then.

Updated rural England indicators

Out-of-work benefit recipients:

  • first graph (working-age – by group): the proportion of working-age adults who are in receipt of out-of-work benefits is much lower in rural districts than in urban districts.
  • second graph (working-age – over time): as in urban districts, the rise in the number of claimants in the last three years has brought the numbers back up to where they were a decade ago.
  • third graph (retirement-age): the proportion of pensioners who are in receipt of means-tested benefits is much lower in rural districts than in urban districts.

October 2011

Updated UK indicators

  • Out-of-work benefit recipients:
    • first graph (over time): the rise in the number of unemployed claimants in recent years has more than offset all the reductions in the previous decade. Despite this rise, the biggest group of benefit claimants remains those who are sick or disabled.
    • second graph (by reason): two-fifths of all claimants of out-of-work disability benefits have mental or behaviour disorders.
    • third graph (by age): two-fifths of all working-age claimants of out-of-work disability benefits are aged less than 45.
    • fourth graph and map (by region): almost twice as many working-age people in the North East and Wales are claimants of out-of-work benefits as in the South East.
  • Long-term working-age recipients of out-of-work benefits:
    • first graph (over time): most working-age people receiving a key out-of-work benefit for two years or more are sick or disabled.
    • second graph (by reason): almost half of all long-term claimants of out-of-work disability benefits have mental or behaviour disorders.
    • third graph (by age): two-thirds of the long-term claimants of out-of-work disability benefits are aged less than 55 and a third are aged less than 45.
  • Concentrations of worklessness:
    • first graph (over time): overall, claimant numbers have followed similar trends in both the areas with the most claimants and the areas with the least claimants.
    • second graph (rates): 30% of working-age people receive out-of-work benefits in the areas with the highest concentrations. This compares with 12% in areas with average concentrations.
    • third graph (shares): 40% of working-age recipients of out-of-work benefits live in a fifth of small areas, whilst the other 60% live outside of these areas.

Updated Scotland indicators

  • Location of low income:
    • first graph and first map (working-age adults by local authority): the proportion of working-age people in receipt of out-of-work benefits is more than twice as high in Glasgow, Inverclyde, West Dunbartonshire and North Ayrshire than in some other parts of Scotland.
    • second graph and first map (retirement-age adults by local authority): more than twice as many people are in receipt of guaranteed Pension Credit in Glasgow than in most of the rest of Scotland.
  • Out-of-work benefit recipients:
    • first graph (over time): despite a rise in recent years, the number of benefit claimants is still well below that of a decade ago. The biggest group of benefit claimants remains those who are sick or disabled.
    • second graph (by reason): almost half of all claimants of out-of-work disability benefits have mental or behaviour disorders.
    • third graph (by age): two-fifths of all working-age claimants of out-of-work disability benefits are aged less than 45.
    • fourth graph and map (by local authority): the proportion of working-age people in receipt of out-of-work benefits is more than twice as high in Glasgow, Inverclyde, West Dunbartonshire and North Ayrshire than in some other parts of Scotland.
    • fifth graph (compared with Great Britain): Scotland has more people in receipt of out-of-work benefits than Great Britain on average but less than in some of the other regions.
  • Long-term working-age recipients of out-of-work benefits:
    • first graph (over time): the number of working-age people receiving a key out-of-work benefit for two years or more is less than a decade ago.  Most are sick or disabled.
    • second graph (by reason): almost half of all long-term claimants of out-of-work disability benefits have mental or behaviour disorders.
    • third graph (by age): two-thirds of the long-term claimants of out-of-work disability benefits are aged less than 55 and a third are aged less than 45.

Updated Wales indicators

  • Location of low income:
    • first graph (working-age adults over time): the proportion of working-age people in receipt of out-of-work benefits has followed similar trends over time in all types of authority.
    • second graph and first map (working-age adults by local authority): twice as many working-age people in Blaenau Gwent and Merthyr Tydfil are in receipt of out-of-work benefits as in Ceredigion, Monmouthshire and Powys.
    • third graph (retirement-age adults over time): the proportion of older people in receipt of the guaranteed element of Pension Credit has followed similar trends over time in all types of authority.
    • fourth graph and second map (retirement-age adults by local authority): more people are in receipt of guaranteed Pension Credit in The Valleys than elsewhere but the differences are much less than for working-age people in receipt of out-of-work benefits.
  • Out-of-work benefit recipients:
    • first graph (over time): despite a rise in recent years, the number of benefit claimants is still well below that of a decade ago. The biggest group of benefit claimants remains those who are sick or disabled.
    • second graph (by reason): two-fifths of all claimants of out-of-work disability benefits have mental or behaviour conditions.
    • third graph (by age): two-fifths of all working-age claimants of out-of-work disability benefits are less than 45.
    • fourth graph and map (by local authority): twice as many working-age people in Blaenau Gwent and Merthyr Tydfil are in receipt of out-of-work benefits as in Ceredigion, Monmouthshire and Powys.
    • fifth graph (compared with Great Britain): Wales has more people in receipt of out-of-work benefits than most of the rest of Great Britain. This is mainly because it has a high number of people who are both sick or disabled and out-of-work.
  • Long-term working-age recipients of out-of-work benefits:
    • first graph (over time): the number of working-age people receiving a key out-of-work benefit for two years or more is less than a decade ago.  Most are sick or disabled.
    • second graph (by reason): two-fifths of all long-term claimants of out-of-work disability benefits have mental or behaviour disorders.
    • third graph (by age): two-thirds of the long-term claimants of out-of-work disability benefits are aged less than 55 and a third are aged less than 45.

Updated rural England indicators

  • Out-of-work benefit recipients:
    • first graph (working-age – by group): the proportion of working-age adults in receipt of out-of-work benefits is much lower in rural districts than in urban districts.
    • second graph (working-age – over time): as in urban districts, the rise in the number of claimants in the last three years has brought the numbers back up to where they were a decade ago.
    • third graph (retirement-age): the proportion of pensioners in receipt of means-tested benefits is much lower in rural districts than in urban districts.

Updated local area data

  • Out-of-work benefit recipients (Great Britain; district-level spreadsheet and map plus ward-level spreadsheet and map).
  • Pension Credit recipients (Great Britain; district-level spreadsheet and map plus ward-level spreadsheet and map).

August 2011

Updated UK indicators

  • Concentrations of poor children:
    • first graph (over time): half of all the primary and nursery school children who are eligible for free school meals are concentrated in a fifth of the schools, a similar proportion to a decade ago.
    • second graph (by phase of education): pupils eligible for free school meals have, on average, twice as many pupils in their school eligible for free school meals.
    • third graph (by region): two-thirds of all local education primary and nursery schools in inner London have a high proportion of their children eligible for free school meals.
  • Overcrowding:
    • second graph (by tenure): overcrowding is five times as prevalent in social rented housing as in owner-occupation.
  • Mortgage re-possessions:
    • second graph (by work status): one in six heads of households with a mortgage is not in full-time work, a similar proportion to a decade ago but much higher than thirty years ago.

Updated Scotland indicators

  • Young adult suicides:
    • first graph (over time): there are around 100 suicides amongst young adults aged 15-24 each year, mostly males. This is less than a decade ago.
  • Premature death:
    • sixth graph (by local authority – selected diseases): the standardised mortality rate for stomach cancer, lung cancer and heart disease in Glasgow is almost twice as high as that in the best areas.

Updated Northern Ireland indicators

Victims of crime:

  • first graph (by deprivation of area): violence is much more common in areas with above-average deprivation. Burglaries are also a bit more common but the differences are much less.

Updated rural England indicators

  • Overcrowding:
    • first graph (compared to urban): the proportion of people who are living in overcrowded conditions is much lower in the more rural areas than in urban areas.
  • Mortgages:
    • first graph (compared to urban): in both rural and urban areas, around one in seven heads of households with a mortgage is not in full-time work.

July 2011

Updated UK indicators

  • State benefit levels:
    • second graph (over time – re earnings): while the level of means-tested benefits for working-age adults without children is, relative to earnings, lower than a decade ago, that for both pensioners and families with children is higher.
  • School exclusions:
    • first and second graphs (over time): the number of permanent exclusions has fallen by two-fifths over the last six years.
    • third graph (by ethnic group): despite reductions in recent years, Black Caribbean pupils are still four times as likely to be permanently excluded from school as pupils from any other ethnic group.
    • fourth graph (by region): the rate of permanent exclusion is much lower in Scotland than elsewhere in Great Britain.
  • Not in education, employment or training:
    • third graph (by destination): the proportion of 16- to 18-year-olds who are in full-time education has increased in recent years.
    • fourth graph (by gender): among 16- to 18-year-olds, more girls than boys continue in full-time education.
  • With a criminal record:
    • first graph (by ethnic group): Black young adults are four times as likely as White young adults to be in prison.
  • Young adult drug use:
    • first graph (over time): at 7%, the proportion of young adults using class A drugs is somewhat lower than a decade ago.
  • Blue collar jobs:
    • first graph (over time – by industry): while the total number of jobs is higher than a decade ago, the number of jobs in manufacturing, construction and other production industries has fallen.
    • second graph (over time – within production): within production, it is manufacturing which has been declining, with the number of jobs in construction to a decade ago.
    • third graph (by region): the pattern of an increase in total jobs, combined with a decrease in the number of jobs in the production industries, has occurred throughout most of the United Kingdom.
  • Insecure at work:
    • first graph (job insecurity – proportions): half of the men, and a third of the women, making a new claim for Jobseeker’s Allowance were last claiming less than six months previously.
    • second graph (job insecurity – numbers): the number of people making a new claim for Jobseeker’s Allowance who were last claiming less than six months previously has risen substantially since 2008.
  • Access to transport:
    • first graph (journeys): people in households without a car make half the number of journeys as those with a car.
    • third graph (cars by household income): just about all households with above-average incomes have a car but half of low-income households do not.
    • fifth graph (cars by gender): although the proportion is coming down, two-fifths of women still do not drive. This compares with a quarter of men.
  • Non-decent homes:
    • first graph (over time): 30% of homes in England are classified as non-decent, substantially less than in the mid-1990s.
    • second graph (by tenure): two-thirds of non-decent homes are owner-occupied.
    • third graph (by income): poor households are no more likely to live in a non-decent home than richer households.
    • fourth graph (by region): the proportion of homes in England which are non-decent varies from around 40% in the South West to less than 25% in the North East.
    • fifth graph (by type of area): the proportion of homes which are non-decent is much higher in the more rural areas.
  • Energy inefficient homes:
    • first graph (over time): the proportion of dwellings in England which are very energy inefficient has been declining for all types of tenure, but most sharply in the social rented sector.
    • second graph (by tenure): two-thirds of homes which are very energy inefficient are owner-occupied and a further quarter are private rented.
    • third graph (by income): for any given tenure, the proportion of homes which are very energy inefficient does not vary much by level of income.
    • fourth graph (by region): the proportion of homes which are very energy inefficient is higher in the South West than elsewhere in England.
    • fifth graph (by type of area): the proportion of dwellings which are very energy inefficient is much higher in the most rural areas.
  • Fuel poverty:
    • first graph (over time): 4 million households in England were classified as being in fuel poverty in 2009, much higher than a few years ago but still lower than in the mid-1990s.
    • second graph (by tenure): fuel poverty is most common among those live in private rented accommodation.
    • third graph (by income): although the risk of fuel poverty rises sharply as income falls, there are many households in the poorest fifth who are not in fuel poverty and many households not in the poorest fifth who are in fuel poverty.
    • fourth graph (by energy efficiency): the risk of fuel poverty rises as the energy efficiency of homes falls, so the risk is greatest when low income is combined with energy inefficiency.
    • fifth graph (by household type): single-person households are much more likely to be in fuel poverty than other household types, both overall and among those in low income.
    • sixth graph (by type of area): Rural households are much more likely to be in fuel poverty than urban households, both overall and among those in low income.
    • seventh graph (by region): within England, fuel poverty is most prevalent in the West Midlands and North East.
  • Unmet housing need:
    • first graph (over time): the number of new social housing dwellings in 2010/11 exceeded that required to keep up with demographic change, but this is only the third time that this has happened in the last 14 years.
  • Victims of crime:
    • first graph (over time): the number of both burglaries and violent crimes is substantially lower than a decade ago.
    • third graph (by region): the burglary rate is twice as high in Yorkshire & the Humber and in London as in Wales. There is less variation in the incidence of violent crime.
    • fourth graph (worries – over time): the proportion of adults who are very worried about being the victim of crime is much lower than a decade ago.
    • sixth graph (beliefs – over time): throughout the last decade, many more adults thought that their local crime rate had been increasing than thought that it had been decreasing.

Updated Scotland indicators

  • Underage pregnancies:
    • first graph (over time): the number of pregnancies to girls conceiving under age 16 is similar to a decade ago, although the number of actual births is lower.
    • second graph (by deprivation of area): underage conceptions are much more common in deprived areas.
  • School exclusions:
    • third graph (compared with Great Britain): the rate of permanent exclusion is much lower in Scotland than elsewhere in Great Britain.
  • Educational attainment at age 16:
    • first graph (over time): Standard Grade achievement for pupils in the bottom fifth has risen substantially in the last two years.
    • second graph (by level of deprivation): average Standard Grade attainment for pupils in deprived schools is less than that for pupils on average, but not by much.
  • Blue collar jobs:
    • first graph (over time – by industry): although the total number of jobs is similar to a decade ago, the number of service jobs (both private and public) is somewhat higher whilst the number of production jobs is somewhat lower.
    • second graph (over time – within production): within production, it is manufacturing which has been declining, with the number of jobs in construction similar to a decade ago.
    • third graph (compared with the UK): the pattern of an increase in the number of service jobs, combined with a decrease in the number of production jobs, has occurred throughout the United Kingdom as well as in Scotland.
  • Insecure at work:
    • first graph (job insecurity – proportions): half of the men, and a third of the women, making a new claim for Jobseeker’s Allowance were last claiming less than six months previously.
    • second graph (job insecurity – numbers): the number of people making a new claim for Jobseeker’s Allowance who were last claiming less than six months previously has risen substantially since 2008.

Updated Wales indicators

  • School exclusions:
    • second graph (compared with Great Britain): the rate of permanent exclusion is much lower in Wales than in most of the English regions but higher than in Scotland.
  • Blue collar jobs:
    • first graph (over time – by industry): while the total number of jobs is higher than a decade ago, the number of jobs in manufacturing, construction and other production industries has fallen.
    • second graph (over time – within production): within production, it is manufacturing which has been declining, with the number of jobs in construction similar to a decade ago.
    • third graph (compared with the UK): the pattern of an increase in total jobs, combined with a decrease in the number of jobs in the production industries, has occurred throughout the most of the United Kingdom as well as in Wales.
  • Insecure at work:
    • first graph (job insecurity – proportions): half of the men, and a third of the women, making a new claim for Jobseeker’s Allowance were last claiming less than six months previously.
    • second graph (job insecurity – numbers): the number of people making a new claim for Jobseeker’s Allowance who were last claiming less than six months previously has risen substantially since 2008.
  • Homelessness:
    • fifth graph (in temporary accommodation): although falling, the number of homeless households in temporary accommodation is still more than twice that of a decade ago.
  • Burglaries:
    • first graph (compared with England): the burglary rate is lower in Wales than in any of the English regions.
    • second graph (by local authority): burglary appears to be much more common in Newport than elsewhere.

Updated Northern Ireland indicators

  • Blue collar jobs:
    • first graph (over time – by industry): while the total number of jobs is higher than a decade ago, the number of jobs in manufacturing, construction and other production industries is somewhat lower.
    • second graph (over time – within production): within production, it is manufacturing which has been declining, with the number of jobs in construction similar to a decade ago.
    • third graph (over time – by gender): the number of jobs is higher than a decade ago for both men and women and for both full-time and part-time work.
    • fourth graph (shares – by gender): four in ten full-time male jobs are in production industries, compared to one in ten full-time female jobs and part-time jobs.
    • fifth graph (shares – by industry): manufacturing, construction and other production industries are the areas which are dominated by full-time male jobs.
    • seventh graph (compared to Great Britain – trends): the pattern of an increase in total jobs, combined with a decrease in the number of jobs in the production industries, has occurred throughout most of Great Britain as well as in Northern Ireland.
    • eighth graph (compared to Great Britain – shares): Northern Ireland has a slighter – but only slightly – larger proportion of its jobs in the public sector than that in most of the regions of Great Britain.
  • Not in education, employment or training:
    • fourth graph (by deprivation of area): more pupils in deprived catholic areas go on to Further or Higher Education than do pupils in deprived protestant areas.

Updated rural England indicators

  • School exclusions:
    • first graph (compared to urban): the proportion of pupils permanently excluded from school is similar in all types of authority.
  • Non-decent homes:
    • first graph (compared to urban): the proportion of homes which are ‘non-decent’ is much higher in the more rural areas.
  • Energy inefficient homes:
    • first graph (compared to urban): the proportion of dwellings which are very energy inefficient is much higher in the most rural areas.
  • Fuel poverty:
    • first graph (compared with urban): the proportion of households who are in fuel poverty is much higher in the most rural areas.
    • second graph (over time): as overall levels of fuel poverty have fallen and then risen, it is the most rural areas that have been affected the most.

June 2011

Updated UK indicators

Homelessness:

  • fifth graph (in temporary accommodation – over time): the number of homeless households placed in temporary accommodation has fallen sharply since 2005.
  • sixth graph (In temporary accommodation – by region): the number of households in temporary accommodation is an order of magnitude greater in London than elsewhere.

May 2011

Updated UK indicators

  • State benefit levels:
    • first graph (over time re inflation): while the levels of means-tested benefits for both families with children and pensioners have gone up much faster than inflation since the late 1990s, that for working-age adults without children has, at best, remained constant in real terms.
  • Work and gender:
    • first graph (not working – over time): the proportion of working-age women who are not working is much lower than forty years ago whilst the equivalent proportion for men is much higher.
    • second graph (economically inactive): these trends – of increasing work rates for women and decreasing work rates for men – have been happening throughout the last forty years.
    • third graph (not working – by age group): differences in work rates between men and women are much less among those aged 18 to 24 than in older age groups.
  • Mortgage re-possessions:
    • first graph (over time): the number of mortgage re-possessions fell in 2010, having risen sharply in the period from 2004 to 2009.

Updated Northern Ireland indicators

  • Educational attainment at age 16:
    • first graph (over time): in 2009/10, 7% of school leavers obtained fewer than 5 GCSEs. This compares with 14% a decade ago.
    • second graph (by free school meals): among pupils entitled to free schools meals, the proportion of school leavers who have fewer than five GCSEs has fallen sharply in recent years. It is, however, still more than twice that for school leavers on average.
  • Not in education, employment or training:
    • third graph (by gender): far more girls than boys go into Higher and Further Education, whereas more boys go into training.

April 2011

Updated UK indicators

  • Lacking consumer durables:
    • third graph (Internet usage): Internet usage is strongly related to both income and age.
  • In receipt of tax credits:
    • first graph (over time): the number of working households who are in receipt of tax credits has more than doubled over the last decade.
    • second graph (by region): the proportion of working-age households who are in receipt of tax credits in London and the South East is less than elsewhere in the UK.
  • Children in workless households:
    • first and second graphs (over time): around 1.9 million children live in workless households, similar to a decade ago. Two-thirds of them are in lone parent households.
    • third graph (by household type): half of all children of lone parents live in households which are workless. This compares to just one in fourteen for children of couples.
    • fourth graph (by region): at more than a quarter of all children, the proportion of children who are in workless households in inner London is much higher than elsewhere.
  • Accidental deaths of children:
    • first graph (over time): accidental deaths amongst the under-16s have almost halved over the last decade.
  • Without a basic qualification at age 19:
    • first graph (over time): the proportion of 19-year-olds without a basic level of qualification has fallen sharply in recent years, down from 33% in 2004 to 18% in 2010.
    • second graph (by age): although almost a half of young adults do not obtain a Level 2 qualification at age 16, this proportion reduces to a fifth by age 21.
    • third graph (by gender): fewer girls lack a basic level of qualification than boys.
    • fourth graph (by region): the proportion of 19-year-olds without a basic level of qualification is somewhat higher in Yorkshire & the Humber and East Midlands than elsewhere in England.
  • Work and disability:
    • second graph (compared to other groups – over time): whilst the proportion of lone parents who are not in paid work has fallen a lot, the proportion of disabled people who are not in paid work remained broadly unchanged.
    • third graph (compared to other groups – by gender): disability affects work status much more than gender or even lone parenthood.
    • fourth graph (shares): among those who are aged 25 to retirement and are not working, almost half are disabled.
  • Work and lone parents:
    • first graph (over time): 57% of lone parents are working, up from 51% a decade ago.
    • second graph (by region): the proportion of lone parents who lack, but want, paid work is similar in all regions except for London (higher) and Northern Ireland (lower).
  • Work and ethnicity:
    • fourth graph (workless households): a quarter of working-age Black African, Bangladeshi and Black Caribbean households are workless.
  • Workless households:
    • first graph (over time by household type): single adult households – both with and without children – are much more likely to be workless than couple households.
    • second graph (shares by household type): more than half of all workless, working-age households are single adults without dependent children.
  • Help from social services:
    • first graph (over time): the proportion of older people receiving home care has halved since 1994 as available resources are increasingly focussed on those deemed most in need.
    • second graph (by region): a smaller proportion of older people are helped to live at home in the South (outside London) than elsewhere in England.
    • third graph (by type of authority): on average, English county councils support a smaller proportion of older people to live at home than urban authorities.
  • Without home contents insurance:
    • first graph (over time): half of the poorest households do not have home contents insurance, the same as a decade ago and more than twice the rate for households with average incomes.
    • third graph (by housing tenure – rates): more than half of all renters do not have home contents insurance, compared with very few owner occupiers.
    • fourth graph (by housing tenure – shares): two-thirds of households without home contents insurance are renters.
  • Unmet housing need:
    • first graph (over time): for only the second time in a decade, the number of new social housing dwellings in 2009/10 exceeded that required to keep up with demographic change.
  • Dissatisfaction with local area:
    • fifth graph (by public service): on average, people in more deprived areas are slightly – but only slightly – more to be dissatisfied with their public services.
  • Non-participation:
    • fourth graph (by characteristic): the group least like to volunteer regularly are those living in deprived areas.

Updated Scotland indicators

  • In receipt of tax credits:
    • first graph (over time): the number of working households who are in receipt of tax credits has doubled over the last decade.
    • second graph (by local authority): the proportion of the population in receipt of tax credits is lower in Aberdeen and Edinburgh than elsewhere.
    • third graph (compared with the UK): Scotland has a lower proportion of households who are in receipt of tax credits than most other regions in the UK.
  • Children in workless households:
    • first graph (over time): around 140,000 children live in workless households, similar to a decade ago. Two-thirds of them are in lone parent households.
    • second graph (by household type): almost half of all children of lone parents live in households which are workless. This compares to around one in twenty for children of couples.
    • third graph (compared with the UK): the proportion of children who are in workless households in Scotland is slightly lower than the UK average.
  • Work and disability:
    • third graph (shares): among those who are aged 25 to retirement and not working, around half are disabled.
  • Work and lone parents:
    • first graph (over time): 60% of lone parents are working, up from 50% a decade ago.
    • second graph (compared with the UK): around a fifth of lone parents in Scotland lack, but want, paid work, a similar proportion to the UK average.
  • Workless households:
    • first graph (over time by household type): single adult households – both with and without children – are much more likely to be workless than couple households.
    • second graph (shares by household type): three-fifths of all workless, working-age households are single adults without dependent children.

Updated Wales indicators

  • In receipt of tax credits:
    • first graph (over time): the number of working households who are in receipt of tax credits has doubled over the last decade.
    • second graph (by local authority): every local authority has at least a sixth of its working-age households in receipt of tax credits.
    • third graph (compared with the UK): Wales has a slightly higher proportion of households who are in receipt of tax credits than the average for the whole of the UK.
  • Children in workless households:
    • first graph (over time): around 110,000 children live in workless households. Two-thirds of them are in lone parent households.
    • second graph (by household type): half of all children of lone parents live in households which are workless. This compares to one in twelve for children of couples.
    • third graph (compared with the UK): the proportion of children who are in workless households in Wales is somewhat higher than the UK average.
  • Work and disability:
    • third graph (shares): among those who are aged 25 to retirement and not working, around half are disabled.
  • Work and lone parents:
    • first graph (over time): just over half of lone parents are working.
    • second graph (compared with the UK): around a fifth of lone parents in Wales lack, but want, paid work, a similar proportion to the UK average.
  • Workless households:
    • first graph (over time by household type): single adult households – both with and without children – are much more likely to be workless than couple households.
    • second graph (shares by household type): half of all workless, working-age households are single adults without dependent children.

Updated Northern Ireland indicators

  • In receipt of tax credits:
    • first graph (over time): the number of working households who are in receipt of tax credits has doubled over the last decade.
    • second graph (by local authority): the proportion of working-age households receiving tax credits is higher in most of the western districts than in most of the eastern ones.
    • third graph (compared to Great Britain): Northern Ireland has a higher proportion of households who are in receipt of tax credits than any of the Great Britain regions.
  • Children in workless households:
    • first graph (over time): whilst the number of children in workless households has been rising in the last few years, it is – at 60,000 chldren – still lower than that of a decade ago.
    • second graph (by household type): half of all children of lone parents live in households which are workless. This compares to one in twenty for children of couples.
    • third graph (compared to Great Britain): the proportion of children who are in workless households in Northern Ireland is slightly lower than the UK average.
  • Wanting paid work:
    • fourth graph (lacking work – compared to Great Britain): Northern Ireland’s high number of people not in paid work is entirely accounted for by the high number of students and long-term sick/disabled.
  • Work and disability:
    • third graph (shares): among those who are aged 25 to retirement and not working, around half are disabled.
  • Work and lone parents:
    • first graph (over time): around 55% of lone parents are working, up from around 45% a decade ago.
    • second graph (compared to Great Britain): one in seven lone parents in Northern Ireland lack, but want, paid work, a much smaller proportion than in any of the regions of Great Britain.
  • Workless households:
    • first graph (over time by household type): single adult households – both with and without children – are much more likely to be workless than couple households.
    • second graph (shares by household type): more than half of all workless, working-age households are single adults without dependent children.
  • Without home contents insurance:
    • first graph (by income): more than half of the poorest households are uninsured. This compares with one in five for households on average incomes.

Updated rural England indicators

  • In receipt of tax credits:
    • first graph (compared to urban): the proportion of working-age households who are in receipt of tax credits is similar in both rural and urban districts.
  • Help from social services:
    • first graph (compared to urban): slightly fewer older people receive help from social services to live at home in rural authorities than in other authorities.

March 2011

Updated UK indicators

  • Low birthweight babies:
    • first graph (over time): babies born to parents from manual social backgrounds are now only a bit more likely to have a low birthweight than those born to parents from non-manual social backgrounds.
    • fourth graph (link with infant deaths – rates): there is a very strong relationship between low birthweight and the subsequent likelihood of infant death.
    • fifth graph (link with infant deaths – shares): two-thirds of all infant deaths are among those borne of low birthweight.
  • Infant deaths:
    • first graph (over time): although down by a fifth on a decade ago, infant deaths are still 35% more common among those from manual backgrounds than among those from non-manual backgrounds.
  • Impact of qualifications on work:
    • first graph (lack of work): the lower a young adult’s qualifications, the more likely they are to be lacking but wanting paid work. A quarter of those aged 25 to 29 with low or no qualifications lack but want work.
    • second graph (low pay): the lower a young adult’s qualifications, the more likely they are to be low paid. Half of all employees aged 25 to 29 with low or no qualifications are low paid.
  • Not in education, employment or training:
    • first graph (over time): one in ten 16- to 18-year-olds is not in education, employment or training, similar to a decade ago.
    • second graph (by region): the proportion of 16- to 18-year-olds who are not in education, employment or training is higher in the North East of England and in Scotland than elsewhere.
  • Young adult unemployment:
    • first and second graphs (over time): at 20%, the unemployment rate for 16- to 24-year-olds has been rising since 2004 and is now higher than the previous peak in the early 1990s. It is more than three times the rate for older workers.
    • third graph (by gender): the unemployment rate is higher for young men than for young women.
    • fourth graph (by region): the unemployment rate for 16- to 24-year-olds is highest in London.
  • Not in education, employment or training:
    • fourth graph (rates by industry): in wholesale, retail, hotels and restaurants, around three-quarters of all employees aged 16 to 24 are paid less than £7 per hour.
    • fifth graph (shares by industry): half of all adults aged 16 to 24 earning less than £7 per hour work in wholesale, retail, hotels or restaurants.
  • Wanting paid work:
    • first and second graphs (over time): the number of people who lack, but want, paid work has been rising since 2005, not just during the current recession.
    • third graph (by region): the proportion of the working-age population lacking who lack, but want, paid work is highest in the North East of England.
    • fourth graph (by age and sex): for women of all ages, and for older men, those who are economically inactive but wanting paid work substantially outnumber the officially unemployed.
    • fifth graph (by reason): around half of those who lack, but want, paid work are not officially unemployed.
  • Work and disability:
    • first graph (over time): 40% of those with a work-limiting disability are working. A further 25% lack, but want, paid work.
    • fifth graph (by qualification): at every level of qualification, the proportion of people with a work-limiting disability who lack, but want, paid work is much greater than for those without a disability.
    • sixth graph (by region): the proportion of people who both have a work-limiting disability and lack, but want, paid work is noticeably higher in the North East than elsewhere.
  • Work and ethnicity:
    • first graph (over time): one in seven adults aged 25 to retirement from ethnic minorities are not working but want to, lower than a decade ago but still much higher than that for White people.
    • second graph (by group): around a third of Bangladeshis and Pakistanis are both not in paid work and say that they do not want paid work, a much higher proportion than that for any other ethnic group.
  • Blue collar jobs:
    • fourth graph (by gender): one in three full-time male workers are in production industries, compared to around one in ten full-time female workers and part-time workers.
    • fifth graph (by industry): manufacturing, construction and other production industries are the areas which are dominated by full-time male workers.
  • Low pay by industry:
    • first graph (risks): two-third of employees in hotels & restaurants – and half of those in retail & wholesale – earn less than £7 per hour. Three-fifths of them are women.
    • second graph (shares): two-fifths of all low-paid employees work in the hotel, restaurant, retail and wholesale sectors. A further quarter work in the public sector.
    • third graph (by age group): much of the low pay in the hotels & restaurants and retail & wholesale sectors is in the younger age groups. By contrast, low pay in the public sector is spread throughout the age range.
  • Low pay and disability:
    • first graph (by gender and full-/part-time): for both full-time and part-time work, the proportion of employees with a work-limiting disability who are low paid is higher than that for employees without a work-limiting disability.
    • second graph (by qualifications): at all levels of qualification, the proportion of people with a work-limiting disability who are low paid is somewhat greater than for those without a disability.
  • Low pay and ethnicity:
    • first graph (by ethnic group): almost half of all Bangladeshi and Pakistani employees earn less than £7 per hour.
  • Insecure at work:
    • third graph (temporary/part-time): most part-time employees do not want a full-time job – but only a quarter of temporary employees do not want a permanent job.
    • fourth graph (temporary contracts): although rising in recent years, the number of people in temporary contracts is still somewhat lower than a decade ago.
    • fifth graph (union membership): only one in nine workers earning less than £7 an hour belong to a trade union, a much smaller proportion than for those with higher hourly earnings.
  • Access to training:
    • first graph (over time): throughout the last decade, people with no qualifications have been around three times less likely to receive job-related training than those with some qualifications.
    • second graph (by level of qualification): the lower a person’s level of educational qualifications, the less likely they are to receive job-related training.
    • third graph (by occupation): access to training differs significantly by occupation, being least in elementary (routine) occupations, plant & machine operatives and skilled trades.
    • fourth graph (by industry): the best access to training is in the public sector.
  • Working-age adults without qualifications:
    • first graph (over time): the proportion of the working-age population without any educational qualifications has fallen by two-fifths over the last decade.
    • second graph (by age and gender): the proportion of people in their twenties without any educational qualifications is much smaller than the proportion for people aged 40 and over but similar to the proportion for people in their thirties.
    • third graph (by region): the proportion of the working-age population without any educational qualifications is much higher in Northern Ireland than in the rest of the UK.
  • Mental health:
    • first and second graphs (over time): the proportion of working-age people who are deemed to be at a high risk of developing a mental illness is similar to a decade ago. Women are more at risk than men.
    • third graph (by income): adults in the poorest fifth are much more likely to be at risk of developing a mental illness than those on average incomes.
    • fourth graph (by social class): people from manual backgrounds are at slightly higher risk of developing a mental illness than those from non-manual backgrounds.
    • fifth graph (by region): the risk of mental illness is similar across most of the regions in England.
  • Obesity:
    • first and second graphs (over time): almost a quarter of working-age people are now obese. This is a much higher proportion than in the early 1990s.
    • third graph (by income): there no obvious relationship between obesity and income. The groups with the lowest levels of obesity are poor men and rich women.
    • fourth graph (by social class): there is no obvious relationship between obesity and social class.
    • fifth graph (by region): in England, the proportion of working-age adults who are obese is lowest in London.
  • Polarisation by housing tenure:
    • second graph (over time – work): in two-thirds of households in social housing, the head of household is not in paid work. Although this has been the case throughout the last decade, it was only a half at the start of the 1980s.
    • third graph (by age group): half of heads of households aged between 25 and 54 in social rented housing are not in paid work compared to just one in fifteen of those in owner-occupation.
    • fourth graph (by region): three-quarters of heads of households in social housing in Northern Ireland are not in work, more than in any other part of the UK.
  • Homelessness:
    • first graph (over time): the number of newly homeless households has fallen by two-thirds since 2003.
    • second graph (by region): although most prevalent in the West Midlands and in London, homelessness is to be found throughout the country.
    • third graph (by reason): the most common reason for becoming homeless is loss of accommodation provided by relatives or friends.
    • fourth graph (by ethnic group): a quarter of those accepted as homeless and in priority need by English local authorities are from ethnic minorities.
    • seventh graph (in temporary accommodation – by length): a third of households leaving temporary accommodation in 2010 had stayed there for a year or more.

Updated Scotland indicators

  • Infant deaths:
    • second graph (by local authority): the authorities with the highest rate of infant deaths are Shetlands and Inverclyde.
  • Impact of qualifications on work:
    • first graph (lack of work): the lower a person’s qualifications, the more likely they are to be lacking but wanting paid work.
    • second graph (low pay): the lower a person’s qualifications, the more likely they are to be low paid.
  • Not in education, employment or training:
    • first graph (over time): around one in seven 16- to 18-year-olds are not in education, employment or training.
    • second graph (compared with the UK): the proportion of 16- to 18-year-olds who are not in education, employment or training in Scotland is somewhat higher than that in most of the rest of the UK.
  • Young adult unemployment:
    • first and second graphs (over time): at 20%, the unemployment rate for 16- to 24-year-olds is now higher than the previous peak in the early 1990s. It is three times the rate for older workers.
    • third graph (compared with the United Kingdom): the unemployment rate for 16- to 24-year-olds in Scotland is somewhat below the UK average.
  • Wanting paid work:
    • first graph (over time): unemployment rose sharply in 2009 and 2010, but the number of people classified as economically inactive but wanting paid work remained broadly unchanged.
    • second graph (by age and sex): for women of all ages, and for older men, those who are economically inactive but wanting paid work substantially outnumber the officially unemployed.
    • third graph (by reason): more than half of those who lack, but want, paid work are not officially unemployed.
    • fifth graph (compared with the United Kingdom): the proportion of the working-age population who lack, but want, paid work in Scotland is similar to the UK average.
  • Work and disability:
    • first graph (over time): 35% of those with a work-limiting disability are working. A further 25% lack, but want, paid work.
    • second graph (compared with the United Kingdom): the proportion of people who are both work-limiting disabled and lack, but want, paid work is somewhat higher in Scotland than in most of the rest of the UK.
  • Blue collar jobs:
    • fourth graph (by gender): four in ten full-time male workers are in production industries, compared to around one in ten full-time female workers and part-time workers.
    • fifth graph (by industry): manufacturing, construction and other production industries are the areas which are dominated by full-time male workers.
  • Low pay by industry:
    • first graph (risks): more than half of employees in the hotel, restaurant, retail and wholesale sectors are paid less than £7 per hour, around two-thirds of them being women.
    • second graph (shares): almost half of all low-paid employees work in the hotel, restaurant, retail and wholesale sectors. A further fifth work in the public sector.
  • Insecure at work:
    • third graph (temporary/part-time): most part-time employees do not want a full-time job – but only a fifth of temporary employees do not want a permanent job.
    • fourth graph (temporary contracts): although rising in recent years, the number of people in temporary contracts is still somewhat lower than a decade ago.
    • fifth graph (union membership): only one in six workers earning less than £7 an hour belong to a trade union, a much smaller proportion than for those with higher hourly earnings.
  • Access to training:
    • first graph (over time): throughout the last decade, people with no qualifications have been around three times less likely to receive job-related training than those with some qualifications.
    • second graph (by level of qualification): the lower a person’s level of educational qualifications, the less likely they are to receive job-related training.
    • third graph (by occupation): access to training differs significantly by occupation, being least in elementary (routine) occupations and for plant & machine operatives.
    • fourth graph (by industry): the best access to training is in the public sector.

Updated Wales indicators

  • Impact of qualifications on work:
    • first graph (lack of work): the lower a person’s qualifications, the more likely they are to be lacking but wanting paid work.
    • second graph (low pay): the lower a person’s qualifications, the more likely they are to be low paid.
  • Not in education, employment or training:
    • first graph (over time): around one in ten 16- to 18-year-olds are not in education, employment or training.
    • second graph (compared with the UK): the proportion of 16- to 18-year-olds who are not in education, employment or training in Wales is similar to the UK average.
  • Young adult unemployment:
    • first and second graphs (over time): at 24%, the unemployment rate for 16- to 24-year-olds has doubled since 2004 and is now much higher than the previous peak in the early 1990s. It is more than three times the rate for older workers.
    • third graph (compared with the United Kingdom): the unemployment rate for 16- to 24-year-olds in Wales is somewhat above the UK average.
  • Wanting paid work:
    • first graph (over time): the number of people who lack, but want, paid work has been rising since 2005, not just during the current recession.
    • second graph (by age and sex): for women of all ages, and for older men, those who are economically inactive but wanting paid work substantially outnumber the officially unemployed.
    • third graph (by reason): more than half of those who lack, but want, paid work are not officially unemployed.
    • fifth graph (compared with the United Kingdom): the proportion of the working-age population who lack, but want, paid work is somewhat higher in Wales than in most other parts of the UK.
  • Work and disability:
    • first graph (over time): 35% of those with a work-limiting disability are working. A further 25% lack, but want, paid work.
    • second graph (compared with the United Kingdom): the proportion of people who are both work-limiting disabled and lack, but want, paid work is higher in Wales than in most of the rest of the UK.
  • Blue collar jobs:
    • fourth graph (by gender): four in ten full-time male workers are in production industries, compared to around one in ten full-time female workers and part-time workers.
    • fifth graph (by industry): manufacturing, construction and other production industries are the areas which are dominated by full-time male workers.
  • Low pay by industry:
    • first graph (risks): more than half of employees in the hotel, restaurant, retail and wholesale sectors are paid less than £7 per hour, around two-thirds of them being women.
    • second graph (shares): two-fifths of all low-paid employees work in the hotel, restaurant, retail and wholesale sectors. A further fifth work in the public sector.
  • Insecure at work:
    • third graph (temporary/part-time): most part-time employees do not want a full-time job – but only a fifth of temporary employees do not want a permanent job.
    • fourth graph (temporary contracts): the number of people in temporary contracts is similar to a decade ago.
    • fifth graph (union membership): only one in nine workers earning less than £7 an hour belong to a trade union, a much smaller proportion than for those on higher earnings.
  • Access to training:
    • first graph (by level of qualification): the lower a person’s level of educational qualifications, the less likely they are to receive job-related training.
    • second graph (by occupation): access to training differs significantly by occupation, being least in elementary (routine) occupations, plant & machine operatives and skilled trades.
    • third graph (by industry): the best access to training is in the public sector.
  • Homelessness:
    • first graph (over time): the number of newly homeless households has halved since 2004 but is still around 9,000 households a year.
    • second graph (by family type): three-quarters of those officially recognised as homeless do not have dependent children and most of the others are lone parents. Very few are couples with children.
    • third graph (by reason): the biggest reason for becoming homeless is loss of accommodation provided by relatives or friends.
    • fourth graph and map (by local authority): every local authority has a homelessness problem, but the greatest problems appear to be in Swansea.

Updated Northern Ireland indicators

  • Impact of qualifications on work:
    • first graph (lack of work): the lower a person’s qualifications, the more likely they are to be lacking but wanting paid work.
    • second graph (low pay): the lower a person’s qualifications, the more likely they are to be low paid.
  • Not in education, employment or training:
    • first graph (over time): around one in twelve 16- to 18-year-olds are now not in education, employment or training, seemingly much higher than a decade ago.
    • second graph (compared with Great Britain): the proportion of 16- to 18-year-olds who are not in education, employment or training is lower in Northern Ireland than in any of the regions of Great Britain.
  • Young adult unemployment:
    • first and second graphs (over time): at 19% in 2010, the unemployment rate for 16- to 24-year-olds has risen sharply in the last few years. It is more than three times the rate for older workers.
    • third graph (compared with the United Kingdom): the unemployment rate for 16- to 24-year-olds in Northern Ireland is lower than in most of the regions of Great Britain.
  • Wanting paid work:
    • first graph (over time): unemployment rose sharply in 2009 and 2010, but the number of people classified as economically inactive but wanting paid work remained broadly unchanged.
    • second graph (compared to Great Britain): Northern Ireland has a lower proportion of its working-age population who lack, but want, paid work than any of the regions in Great Britain.
    • third graph (total lacking work): Northern Ireland has more of its working-age population not in paid work than any region in Great Britain.
  • Work and disability:
    • first graph (over time): 30% of those with a work-limiting disability are working. A further 15% would like to work but 55% do not want paid work.
    • second graph (compared to Great Britain): the proportion of people who are both work-limiting disabled and lack, but want, paid work is lower in Northern Ireland than in any of the regions of Great Britain.
  • Work and religion:
    • first graph (over time): throughout the last decade, employment rates have been somewhat lower for Catholics than for Protestants.
    • second graph (unemployment): for all age groups, unemployment rates for Catholics are higher than for Protestants.
    • third graph (economic inactivity): for all age groups, economic inactivity rates for Catholics are higher than for Protestants.
  • Blue collar jobs:
    • sixth graph (by gender and occupation): women predominate in personal service, administrative and secretarial jobs whilst men predominate in skilled trades and as process, plant & machine operatives.
  • Low pay by industry:
    • first graph (risks): more than half of employees in the hotel, restaurant, retail and wholesale sectors are paid less than £7 per hour, the majority of them being women.
    • second graph (shares): two-fifths of all low-paid employees work in the hotel, restaurant, retail and wholesale sectors. A further fifth work in the public sector.
  • Insecure at work:
    • first graph (temporary/part-time): most part-time employees do not want a full-time job – but only a quarter of temporary employees do not want a permanent job.
    • second graph (temporary contracts): the number of people in temporary contracts has remained broadly unchanged throughout the last decade.
    • third graph (union membership): less than one in ten workers earning less than £7 an hour belong to a trade union, a much smaller proportion than for those on higher earnings.
  • Access to training:
    • first graph (by level of qualification): people with no qualifications are much less likely to receive any job-related training.
    • second graph (by occupation): access to training differs significantly by occupation, being least in elementary (routine) occupations, plant & machine operatives and skilled trades.
    • third graph (by industry): the best access to training is in financial services and the public sector.
  • Working-age adults without qualifications:
    • first graph (over time): the proportion of the working age population without any educational qualifications has fallen by a quarter over the last decade.
    • second graph (by age and gender): the proportion of people under who lack basic qualifications rises sharply with age.
    • third graph (compared to Great Britain): the proportion of the working-age population without any educational qualifications is much higher in Northern Ireland than in any of the regions in Great Britain.
  • Polarisation by housing tenure:
    • first graph (over time): The proportion of social sector households where the head of the household is not in paid work is similar to a decade ago.
    • fourth graph (compared to Great Britain): three-quarters of heads of households in social housing in Northern Ireland are not in work, more than in any region of Great Britain.
  • Overcrowding:
    • first graph (over time): 4% of people live in overcrowded conditions, down from 8% a decade ago.
    • second graph (by tenure): overcrowding is twice as prevalent in social rented housing as in owner-occupation.
  • Victims of crime:
    • second graph (worries about crime): worries about crime differ substantially by both household income and gender.

Updated rural England indicators

  • Homelessness:
    • first graph (compared to urban): the proportion of households accepted as newly homeless by their local authority is much lower in rural districts than in urban districts.

Updated local area data

  • Homelessness (England and Wales only; district-level spreadsheet and map).

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