December 2010

Updated UK indicators

  • Numbers in low income:
    • fourth graph (compared to Europe): the UK has a slightly higher proportion of its population in relative low income than the European Union average.
  • Out-of-work benefit recipients:
    • first graph (over time): the rise in the number of unemployed claimants in the latest two years has more than offset all the reductions in the previous decade. Despite this rise, the biggest group of benefit claimants remains those who are sick or disabled.
    • second graph (by reason): two-fifths of all claimants of out-of-work disability benefits have mental or behaviour disorders.
    • third graph (by age): two-fifths of all working-age claimants of out-of-work disability benefits are aged less than 45.
    • fourth graph and map (by region): almost twice as many working-age people in the North East and Wales are claimants of out-of-work benefits as in the South East.
  • Long-term working-age recipients of out-of-work benefits:
    • first graph (over time): most working-age people receiving a key out-of-work benefit for two years or more are sick or disabled.
    • second graph (by reason): two-fifths of all long-term claimants of out-of-work disability benefits have mental or behaviour disorders.
    • third graph (by age): two-thirds of the long-term claimants of out-of-work disability benefits are aged less than 55 and a third are aged less than 45.
  • Children with a criminal record:
    • first graph (over time): the number of children cautioned for indictable offences has fallen sharply since 2007, reversing the previously rising trend.
    • second graph (by age – rates): the peak rate for for offending is at age 17.
    • third graph (by age – shares): half of the offences committed by children are committed by those aged 15 or under.
    • fourth graph (by gender): three times as many boys are found guilty of, or cautioned for, indictable offences as girls but the difference is much less for theft and much greater for drug offences.
  • Young adult low pay:
    • first graph (over time): there are 65,000 looked-after children in England, slightly more than a decade ago.
    • third graph (status at age 19): a third of previously looked-after children are not in education, employment or training at age 19.
  • Young adults with a criminal record:
    • first graph (over time): the number of 18- to 20-year-olds found guilty of an indictable offence fell between 1999 and 2004 but has remained broadly unchanged since then.
  • Young adult low pay:
    • first and second graphs (over time): in 2010, two-thirds of all employees aged 18 to 21 – both men and women – were paid less than £7 per hour.
    • third graph (by gender): for those aged 18 to 21, the distribution of pay rates are similar for both men and women.
    • fourth graph (by age): between the ages of 18 and 21, half of all full-time employees are paid less than £7 per hour. This is in sharp contrast to the much lower proportions for those aged 22 and over.
  • Young adult suicides:
    • first graph (over time): the number of suicides amongst young adults aged 15 to 24 has fallen by a third over the last decade, although that decline has now ceased.
    • second graph (by gender): four-fifths of young adult suicides are males.
    • third graph (young adult deaths more generally): as well as suicides, young men are also much more likely to die from accidents than are young women.
  • Concentrations of worklessness:
    • first graph (over time): overall, claimant numbers have followed similar trends in both the areas with the most claimants and the areas with the least claimants.
    • second graph (rates): 30% of working-age people receive out-of-work benefits in the areas with the highest concentrations. This compares with 12% in areas with average concentrations.
    • third graph (shares): 40% of working-age recipients of out-of-work benefits live in a fifth of small areas, whilst the other 60% live outside of these areas.
  • Numbers in low pay:
    • first and second graphs (over time): the proportion of employees aged 22 and over who were low paid fell between 2002 and 2005 but has not changed much since then. In 2010, a fifth of the women – and a tenth of the men – were paid less than £7 per hour.
    • third graph (by gender): whatever low-pay threshold is used, the proportion of working women who are low paid is around twice that of working men.
    • fourth graph (by age): at all ages, 30% or more of part-time employees are paid less than £7 per hour. Except for the 18-21 age group, the proportion of full-time employees paid less than £7 per hour is much lower.
    • fifth graph (by occupation): in two areas of occupation – elementary and sales & customer service – two-thirds of part-time employees are paid less than £7 per hour.
    • sixth graph (shares by gender): more than half of those paid less than £7 per hour are part-time workers, mainly women.
    • seventh graph (shares by age): almost half of those paid less than £7 per hour are aged 40 or over.
  • Low income and disability:
    • fourth graph (compared to Europe): the proportion of economically inactive working-age adults who are in relative low income is higher in the UK than in any other EU country.
  • Location of low pay:
    • first graph and map (by region): in most regions, at least a fifth of all female employees earn less than £7 per hour.
  • Pay inequalities:
    • first graph (over time): low-paid women are paid around 10% less than low-paid men. High-paid women are paid around 20% less than high-paid men.
    • second graph (by gender and type): a half of all part-time workers – both men and women – are paid less than £8 per hour.
    • third graph (by region): pay inequalities are greater in London, the South East and East than elsewhere.
  • Excess winter deaths:
    • first graph (over time): each year around 20,000 more people aged 65 or over die in winter months than in other months.
    • second graph (by region): the rate of excess winter deaths amongst those aged 65 and over is similar in all regions.

Updated Scotland indicators

  • Location of low income:
    • first graph and first map (working-age adults by local authority): the proportion of working-age people in receipt of out-of-work benefits is more than twice as high in Glasgow, Inverclyde, West Dunbartonshire and North Ayrshire than in some other parts of Scotland.
    • second graph and first map (retirement-age adults by local authority): more than twice as many people are in receipt of guaranteed Pension Credit in Glasgow than in most of the rest of Scotland.
  • Out-of-work benefit recipients:
    • first graph (over time): despite a rise in the the latest two years, the number of benefit claimants is still well below that of a decade ago. The biggest group of benefit claimants remains those who are sick or disabled.
    • second graph (by reason): almost half of all claimants of out-of-work disability benefits have mental or behaviour disorders.
    • third graph (by age): two-fifths of all working-age claimants of out-of-work disability benefits are aged less than 45.
    • fourth graph and map (by local authority): the proportion of working-age people in receipt of out-of-work benefits is more than twice as high in Glasgow, Inverclyde, West Dunbartonshire and North Ayrshire than in some other parts of Scotland.
    • fifth graph (compared with Great Britain): Scotland has more people in receipt of out-of-work benefits than the Great Britain on average but less than in some of the other regions.
  • Long-term working-age recipients of out-of-work benefits:
    • first graph (over time): most working-age people receiving a key out-of-work benefit for two years or more are sick or disabled.
    • second graph (by reason): almost half of all long-term claimants of out-of-work disability benefits have mental or behaviour disorders.
    • third graph (by age): two-thirds of the long-term claimants of out-of-work disability benefits are aged less than 55 and a third are aged less than 45.
  • Low birthweight babies:
    • first graph (over time): the proportion of babies born with a low birthweight is similar to a decade ago.
    • second graph (by population group): babies born to parents in high-deprivation areas are much more likely to be of low birthweight than those in low-deprivation areas.
    • third graph (by health board): the proportion of babies who are of low birthweight is similar across most of Scotland.
  • School exclusions:
    • first graph (over time): the number of children permanent excluded each year has fallen sharply in recent years and is now less than 100.
  • Destination of school leavers:
    • first graph (over time): the proportion of school leavers who are in not in education or training has fallen considerably since 2006/07.
  • Concentrations of worklessness:
    • first graph (over time): over the last decade, claimant numbers in the areas with the most claimants have fallen at a slightly slower rate than those in the areas with the least claimants.
    • second graph (rates): 35% of working-age people receive out-of-work benefits in the areas with the highest concentrations. This compares with 14% in areas with average concentrations.
    • third graph (shares): around 40% of working-age recipients of out-of-work benefits live in a fifth of small areas, whilst the other 60% live outside of these areas.
  • Location of low pay:
    • first graph and map (by local authority): the proportion of employees earning less than £7 per hour is highest in Dumfries & Galloway, Moray, Clackmannanshire and Highland.
    • second graph (compared with the United Kingdom): Scotland has a somewhat lower proportion of employees earning less than £7 per hour than most other parts of the United Kingdom.
  • Pay inequalities:
    • first graph (over time): low-paid women are paid around 6% less than low-paid men. High-paid women are paid around 20% less than high-paid men.
    • second graph (by gender and type): a half of all part-time workers – both men and women – are paid less than £8 per hour.
  • Excess winter deaths:
    • first graph (over time): each year around 2,000 more people aged 65 and over die in winter months than in other months.
  • Homelessness:
    • first graph (over time): the number of households who are newly homeless has remained unchanged over the last six years.
    • second graph (by household type): three-fifths of those officially recognised as homeless are single adults with no dependent children. Most of the others are lone parents, with relatively few being couples.
    • third graph and map (by local authority): every local authority has a homelessness problem, but Falkirk, West Dunbartonshire, and Glasgow have the greatest problems.
  • Burglaries:
    • first graph (over time): the number of burglaries recorded by the police is now a third of what it was in the mid 1990s.
    • second graph (by local authority): in terms of recorded crime, Aberdeen, Edinburgh and Dundee have the most burglaries.

Updated Wales indicators

  • Location of low income:
    • first graph (working-age adults over time): the proportion of working-age people in receipt of out-of-work benefits has followed similar trends over time in all types of authority.
    • second graph and first map (working-age adults by local authority): twice as many working-age people in Blaenau Gwent and Merthyr Tydfil are in receipt of out-of-work benefits as in Ceredigion, Monmouthshire and Powys.
    • third graph (retirement-age adults over time): the proportion of older people in receipt of the guaranteed element of Pension Credit has followed similar trends over time in all types of authority.
    • fourth graph and second map (retirement-age adults by local authority): more people are in receipt of guaranteed Pension Credit in The Valleys than elsewhere but the differences are much less than for working-age people in receipt of out-of-work benefits.
  • Out-of-work benefit recipients:
    • first graph (over time): despite a rise in the the latest two years, the number of benefit claimants is still below that of a decade ago. The biggest group of benefit claimants remains those who are sick or disabled.
    • second graph (by reason): two-fifths of all claimants of out-of-work disability benefits have mental or behaviour conditions.
    • third graph (by age): two-fifths of all working-age claimants of out-of-work disability benefits are less than 45.
    • fourth graph and map (by local authority): twice as many working-age people in Blaenau Gwent and Merthyr Tydfil are in receipt of out-of-work benefits as in Ceredigion, Monmouthshire and Powys.
    • fifth graph (compared with Great Britain): Wales has more people in receipt of out-of-work benefits than most of the rest of Great Britain. This is mainly because it has a high number of people who are both sick or disabled and out-of-work.
  • Long-term working-age recipients of out-of-work benefits:
    • first graph (over time): most working-age people receiving a key out-of-work benefit for two years or more are sick or disabled.
    • second graph (by reason): two-fifths of all long-term claimants of out-of-work disability benefits have mental or behaviour disorders.
    • third graph (by age): two-thirds of the long-term claimants of out-of-work disability benefits are aged less than 55 and a third are aged less than 45.
  • Concentrations of poor children:
    • first graph (over time): almost half of all the primary school children who are eligible for free school meals are concentrated in a fifth of the schools, a similar proportion to a decade ago.
    • second graph (by type of school): poor children are much more concentrated in primary schools than in secondary schools.
    • second graph (by local authority): in some authorities, a third or more of the primary schools have a high proportion of their pupils eligible for free school meals. In other authorities, there are very few such primary schools.
  • Educational attainment at age 11:
    • second graph and map (by local authority): the proportion of 11-year-olds assessed as failing to achieve level 4 or above at Key Stage 2 is highest in Blaenau Gwent and Merthyr Tydfil.
  • Concentrations of worklessness:
    • first graph (over time): over the last decade, claimant numbers in the areas with the most claimants have fallen at a somewhat slower rate than those in the areas with the least claimants.
    • second graph (rates): around a third of working-age people receive out-of-work benefits in the areas with the highest concentrations. This is twice the rate for areas with average concentrations.
    • third graph (shares): around a third of working-age recipients of out-of-work benefits live in a fifth of small areas, whilst the other two-thirds live outside of these areas.
  • Location of low pay:
    • first graph and map (by local authority): the proportion of employees earning less than £7 per hour is highest in Gwynedd.
    • second graph (compared with the United Kingdom): Wales has a somewhat higher proportion of employees earning less than £7 per hour than most other parts of the United Kingdom.
  • Pay inequalities:
    • first graph (over time): at both the top and the bottom of the pay scale, rates of pay for women have become closer to rates of pay for men but are still lower.
    • second graph (by gender and type): almost half of all part-time workers – both men and women – are paid less than £7 per hour.
  • Longstanding illness/disability:
    • first graph (by age and social class): at all ages, adults in routine and manual occupational groups are somewhat more likely to have a limiting longstanding illness than those from other occupational groups.
  • Excess winter deaths:
    • first graph (over time): each year around 1,500 more people aged 65 or over die in winter months than in other months.
    • second graph (compared to England): the rate of excess winter deaths amongst those aged 65 and over in Wales is similar to that in all of the English regions.

Updated Northern Ireland indicators

  • Location of low income:
    • second graph and second map (retirement age): the proportion of people aged 60 and over in receipt of guaranteed Pension Credit is highest in Cookstown, Derry and Strabane.
  • Working-age out-of-work benefit recipients:
    • second graph (by reason): almost half of all claimants of out-of-work disability benefits have mental or behaviour conditions.
    • third graph (by age): two-fifths of all working-age claimants of out-of-work disability benefits are aged less than 45.
  • Long-term working-age recipients of out-of-work benefits:
    • second graph (by age): two-thirds of the long-term claimants of out-of-work disability benefits are aged less than 55 and a third are aged less than 45.
  • Disability living allowance recipients:
    • first graph (over time): the proportion of working-age people in receipt of Disability Living Allowance in Northern Ireland is twice the level in Great Britain.
  • Low pay by gender:
    • first graph (by age): at all ages, at least a quarter of part-time employees are paid less than £7 per hour.
    • second graph (shares by gender): half of those paid less than £7 per hour are part-time workers, mainly women.
    • third graph (shares by age): around a third of those paid less than £7 per hour are aged 40 or over.
  • Location of low pay:
    • first graph and map (by local authority): Strabane and Cookstown have by far the highest proportion of workers who are paid less than £7 per hour.
    • second graph (compared to Great Britain): the proportion of full-time employees earning less than £7 per hour is higher in Northern Ireland than in any of the regions of Great Britain.
  • Pay inequalities:
    • first graph (over time): at both the top and the bottom of the pay scale, rates of pay for women have become closer to rates of pay for men but are still lower.
    • second graph (by gender and type): two-fifths of all part-time workers – both men and women – are paid less than £7 per hour.
    • third graph (compared with Great Britain): overall pay inequalities in Northern Ireland are similar to those in most of the regions in Great Britain.
  • Homelessness:
    • first graph (over time): the number of households presenting as homeless is much higher than a decade ago. Most of the increase has been households without dependent children.
    • second graph (by family type): two-thirds of those presenting as homeless do not have dependent children and the majority of these are aged 25 or over.
    • third graph (by reason): there are many reasons why people present as homeless.

Updated rural England indicators

  • Out-of-work benefit recipients:
    • first graph (working-age – by group): the proportion of working-age adults in receipt of out-of-work benefits is much lower in rural districts than in urban districts.
    • second graph (working-age – over time): as in urban districts, the rise in the number of claimants in the last two years has brought the numbers back up to where they were a decade ago.
    • third graph (retirement-age): the proportion of pensioners in receipt of means-tested benefits is much lower in rural districts than in urban districts.
  • Numbers in low pay:
    • first graph (rural/urban rates – by residency): by residency – low pay is slightly more prevalent in the most rural districts.
    • second graph (rural/urban rates – by place of work): by place of work – low pay is more prevalent the more rural the district.
    • third graph (rural/urban shares): 1.4 million employees living in rural districts are paid less than £7 per hour. This is two-fifths of all those paid less than £7 per hour.

Updated European indicators

Updated local area data

  • Out-of-work benefit recipients (Great Britain; district-level spreadsheet and map plus ward-level spreadsheet and map).
  • Pension Credit recipients (Great Britain; district-level spreadsheet and map plus ward-level spreadsheet and map).
  • Low pay (Great Britain; district-level spreadsheet and map).
  • Homelessness (Scotland; district-level spreadsheet).

November 2010

Updated UK indicators

  • Low income and council tax:
    • first graph (over time): more than half of all low-income households are paying full Council Tax, much higher than a decade ago.
    • second graph (by age group): 7 million people in England and Wales are living in low-income households where the household is paying full Council Tax.
    • third graph (by household type): the vast majority of low-income working-age families where someone is working pay full Council Tax.
  • Longstanding illness/disability – working-age adults:
    • first and second graphs (over time): around a quarter of adults aged 45-64 report a longstanding illness or disability which limits their activity.
    • third graph (by income): two-fifths of all adults aged 45-64 on below-average incomes have a limiting longstanding illness or disability, more than twice the rate for those on above-average incomes.
  • Longstanding illness/disability – older people:
    • first and second graphs (over time): a third of adults aged 65-74, and half of adults aged 75 and over, report a limiting longstanding sickness or disability. Both proportions are similar to a decade ago.
    • third graph (by income): for those aged 65-74, the proportion with a limiting longstanding illness or disability increases as income decreases. The differences by income are less for those aged 75 and over.
  • Overcrowding:
    • first graph (over time): around one in twenty people live in overcrowded conditions, somewhat higher than a decade ago.

Updated Scotland indicators

  • Wanting paid work:
    • fourth graph (by local authority): the proportion of the working-age population who lack, but want, paid work is twice as high in Inverclyde, North Ayrshire and West Dunbarton as in some other local authority areas.

Updated Wales indicators

  • Wanting paid work:
    • fourth graph (by local authority): the proportion of the working-age population who lack, but want, paid work is highest in Blaenau Gwent.

Updated Northern Ireland indicators

  • Numbers in low income:
    • fourth graph (by religion): the proportion of people who are in low-income households is much higher for Catholics than for Protestants.

Updated rural England indicators

  • Young adult unemployment:
    • first graph (rates): although lower than in urban districts, the unemployment rate for 16- to 24-year-olds in rural districts is four times that for older workers.
    • second graph (shares): in the three years to end 2009, 200,000 16- to 24-year-olds in rural districts were unemployed.
  • Wanting paid work:
    • first graph (rates): those officially unemployed in rural districts represent less than half of the total numbers in rural districts who lack, but want, paid work.
    • second graph (shares): one million working-age adults in rural districts lack, but want, paid work.
  • Numbers in low pay:
    • fourth graph (rates by job type and gender): as in urban districts, part-time workers in rural districts – both men and women – are much more likely to be earning less than £7 per hour than full-time workers.
    • fifth graph (shares by job type and gender): around half of those paid less than £7 per hour in rural districts are part-time workers, mainly women.
  • Low pay by industry:
    • fourth graph (rates): as in urban districts, low pay in rural districts is much more prevalent in distribution, hotels and restaurants than in other industry sectors.
    • fifth graph (shares): two-fifths of workers in rural districts earning less than £7 per hour work in distribution, hotels and restaurants. A further third work in the public and voluntary sectors.
  • Access to training:
    • first graph (compared with urban): in both rural and urban districts, employees without educational qualifications are much less likely to receive any job-related training than those with qualifications.
  • Working-age adults without qualifications:
    • first graph (rates): one in ten people of working age in rural districts have no educational qualifications.
    • second graph (shares): one million people aged 20 to retirement in rural districts have no educational qualifications.
  • With no private income:
    • second graph (with no private income): almost half of all workers in rural districts do not have a current pension.
  • With no bank account:
    • first graph (by level of income): as in urban districts, low-income households are more likely to have no bank or building society account than households on average incomes.
    • second graph (over time): Whilst the proportion of households in rural districts who have no bank or building society account has fallen over the last decade, the rate of reduction has been much slower than that in urban districts.

Updated local area data

  • Lacking, but wanting, paid work (Great Britain; district-level spreadsheet and map).

September 2010

Updated UK indicators

  • Numbers in low income:
    • first and second graphs (over time): the number of people in low-income households in 2008/09 was substantially higher than a few years previously. This rise occurred at all thresholds of low income.
    • third graph (fixed low-income threshold): the number of people below a fixed 1996/97 low-income threshold is actually higher than a few years ago, after having previously halved in the late 1990s and early 2000s.
  • Location of low income:
    • first graph (by region): the proportion of people in low-income households is lower than a decade ago in all the regions except for the West Midlands. London now has a much higher proportion than any other region.
  • The impact of housing costs:
    • first graph (over time): the proportion of people in in low-income households on a ‘before deducting housing costs’ measure has followed a similar pattern over time to that on an ‘after deducting housing costs’ measure.
    • second graph (by region): the proportion of people in low income in Southern England (particularly London) is much higher on an ‘after deducting housing costs’ measure than on a ‘before deducting housing costs’ measure.
    • third graph (housing costs): housing costs for households with below-average incomes are much higher in London and much lower in Northern Ireland.
  • Low income by age group:
    • first graph (over time – rates): the proportion of pensioners who live in low-income households is much lower than a decade ago, the proportion for children is a bit lower, and the proportion for working-age adults without dependent children is a bit higher.
    • second graph (over time – numbers): the only group where the number of low-income people is higher than a decade ago is working-age adults without dependent children.
    • third graph (shares): a third of all people in low-income households are working-age adults without dependent children.
    • fourth graph (by age): the heightened risk that children face of living in a low-income household does not end at the formal end of childhood but continues through to the age of 21.
  • Low income by family type:
    • first graph (by family type): a half of all people in lone parent families are in low income. This is more than twice the rate for couples with children.
    • second graph (depth of low income): three-quarters of the people with very low incomes are either working-age adults without children or in couples with children. Relatively few are either pensioners or in lone parent families.
  • Low income and ethnicity
    • first graph (over time): around two-fifths of people from ethnic minorities live in low-income households, twice the rate for White people.
    • second graph (by ethnic group): whilst rates have been falling for all ethnic groups, more than half of people from Bangladeshi and Pakistani ethnic backgrounds still live in low-income households.
    • third graph (by age): for all ages, people from ethnic minorities are, on average, much more likely to live in low-income households than White British people.
    • fourth graph (by family work status): for all work statuses, people from ethnic minorities are, on average, more likely to live in low-income households than White British people.  The gap is biggest for part-working families.
    • fifth graph (working families): among those in working families, around 65% of Bangladeshis, 50% of Pakistanis and 30% of Black Africans are in low income.
    • sixth graph (by geography – risks): unlike ethnic minorities, the proportion of White British people who live in low-income households is similar across the UK.
    • seventh graph (by geography – shares): more than half of people living in low-income households in London are from ethnic minorities.
  • Low income by gender
    • first and second graphs (over time): women are a bit – but only a bit – more likely to live in low-income households than men and the gap has narrowed considerably in recent years.
    • third graph (by family type): single female pensioners and female lone parents are both more likely to be in low-income households than their male equivalents, but there is no difference for working-age singles without children.
    • fourth graph (shares by family type): in terms of family type, the composition of those in low income is much more varied for women than for men.
    • fifth graph (over time by family type): the two groups where women dominate – single pensioners and lone parents – are precisely the groups where the proportion who are in low income has been fallen.
    • sixth graph (by age): men aged 60 to 64 are more likely to be in low income than men in any other age group between 25 and 80.
  • Income inequalities
    • first graph (changes in real income – percentages): unlike the rest of the population, the poorest tenth have not seen a rise in their average incomes over the last decade.
    • second graph (changes in real income – shares): four-fifths of the total increase in incomes over the last decade has gone to those with above-average incomes and two-fifths has gone to those in the richest tenth.
    • third graph (total income – over time): the richest tenth now have 31% of total income, noticeably more than a decade ago. The poorest tenth have just over 1% of the total income.
    • fourth graph (total income – shares): the income of the richest tenth is more than the income of all those on below-average incomes (i.e. the bottom five tenths) combined.
    • fifth graph (by region): Inner London is deeply divided – it has by far the highest proportion of people on a low income but also a high proportion of people on a high income.
    • sixth graph (composition by income level): within the bottom three income deciles, the proportion who are pensioners rises as income rises whilst the proportion who are in workless working-age families falls as income rises.
    • seventh graph (Gini coefficient): the gini coefficient measure of overall income inequality in the UK is now higher than at any previous time in the last thirty years.
  • In receipt of tax credits:
    • third graph (by income group): only a quarter of tax credit recipients are no longer in low income because of the tax credit monies received.
  • Children in low-income households:
    • first graph (over time – numbers): the number of children in low-income households is still well above the Government’s target for 2004/05. Numbers have risen since 2004/05.
    • second graph (over time – proportions): children remain more likely than adults to live in low income households.
    • third graph (by family type): a half of all people in lone parent families are in low income. This is more than twice the rate for couples with children.
    • fourth graph (by region): inner London has a much higher proportion of children in low-income households than any other region.
    • fifth graph (by work status – risks): unless all adults in the family are working (and at least one of them full time), the risks of a child being in low income are substantial.
    • sixth graph (by work status – numbers): among children in low income, the number in working families has risen sharply in the last few years whilst the number in workless ones has been falling since the mid-1990s.
    • seventh graph (by work status – shares): more than half of the children in low income households live in families where at least one of the adults is in paid work.
  • Children in receipt of tax credits:
    • first graph (over time): tax credits now take around 1 million children in working families out of low income – but a million more children need this support than a decade ago.
    • second graph (by group): only a quarter of the children in working families in receipt of tax credits are no longer in low income because of the tax credit monies received.
    • third graph (by family type): tax credits are more effective in taking children in lone parent families out of low income than they are for those in couple families.
  • Young adults in low-income households:
    • first graph (over time): a fifth of all boys eligible for free school meals do not obtain 5 or more GCSEs.
    • second graph (by family work status): a fifth of all White British pupils eligible for free school meals do not obtain 5 or more GCSEs, a much higher proportion than that any for other ethnic group.
  • Working-age adults in low income:
    • first graph (over time): at around a fifth in 2008/09, the proportion of working-age adults who are in low-income households is now slightly higher than at any time since the mid-1990s.
    • second graph (by region): Inner London has a much higher proportion of working-age adults who are in low-income households than any other region.
  • Low income by work status:
    • first graph (over time – proportions): an adult’s risk of low income varies greatly depending on how much paid work the family does. Over the last decade, these risks have increased for working families, both ‘all-working’ and ‘part-working’.
    • second graph (over time – numbers): among working-age adults in low income, the number in working families has been rising and now exceeds the number in workless ones.
    • third graph (by family type): most of the rise in working families in low income has been among those without dependent children.
    • fourth graph (shares): among working-age adults in low income, more than half now have someone in their family who is in paid work.
  • Low income and disability:
    • first graph (over time): disabled adults are twice as likely to live in low-income households as non-disabled adults, and this has been the case throughout the last decade.
    • second graph (by family work status): disabled adults in workless families are actually somewhat less likely to be in low income than their non-disabled counterparts.
    • third graph (by family type): for all family types, a disabled adult’s risk of being in low income is much greater than that for a non-disabled adult.
  • Composition of working-age low income:
    • first graph (by family type): of the 1.7 million adults aged 16 to 24 in low-income households, 1.1 million are single adults without children.
    • second graph (lone parents): four-fifths of lone parents in low-income households are aged 25 or older.
    • third graph (by family type and work status): of the 1.6 million adults aged 34 to 42 in low-income households, 1 million are in families where someone is working and most of these are couples with children.
    • fourth graph (by family work and disability status): of the 1.2 million adults aged 52 to 60 in low-income households, 600,000 have a disabled adult in the family and most of these are workless.
  • Older people in low income:
    • first graph (over time): the proportion of single pensioners who are in low-income households has halved over the last decade, with smaller falls for pensioner couples.
    • second graph (by family type): pensioners are now less likely to be living in low-income households than non-pensioners.
    • third graph (by age): single female pensioners are more likely to be in low income than either single male pensioners or pensioner couples.
    • fourth graph (shares): around half of low-income pensioners are in couples and the other half are single pensioners.
    • fifth graph (by depth): Unlike working-age adults, relatively few low-income pensioners have a very low income.
    • sixth graph (by region): inner London has a much higher proportion of pensioners who are in low-income than any other region.
    • seventh graph (before deducting housing costs): after deducting housing costs, pensioners are less likely to be in low income than non-pensioners. Before deducting housing costs, however, pensioners are more likely to be in low income than non-pensioners.
  • Polarisation by housing tenure:
    • first graph (over time – by income): half of all people in social housing are in low income compared to one in seven owner occupiers. Both risks are similar to a decade ago.

Updated Scotland indicators

  • Numbers in low income:
    • first graph (over time): the proportion of people in low-income households fell during the early 2000s but has remained unchanged since then.
    • second graph (fixed low-income threshold): the proportion of people in households below a fixed 1994/95 low-income threshold halved in the late 1990s but has remained largely unchanged since 2001/02.
    • third graph (compared to Great Britain – over time): since 2004/05, the proportion of people who are in low-income households has remained unchanged in Scotland but has increased for Great Britain as a whole.
    • fourth graph (compared to Great Britain – by region): the proportion of people in low-income households in Scotland is now much lower than the Great Britain average.
  • Low income by age group:
    • first graph (risks): the proportions of pensioners and children living in low-income households are both lower than a decade ago. By contrast, the proportion for working-age adults without dependent children is similar to a decade ago.
    • second graph (shares): two-fifths of all people in low income are working-age adults without dependent children.
  • Low income by family type:
    • first graph (by family type): almost half of all people in lone parent families are in low income. This is three times the rate for couples with children.
    • second graph (depth of low income): half of all the people with very low incomes are working-age adults without children. Relatively few are either pensioners or in lone parent families.
  • Income inequalities: 
    • first graph (changes in real income – percentages): unlike the rest of the population, the poorest tenth have not seen a substantial rise in their average incomes over the last decade.
    • second graph (changes in real income – shares): three-quarters of the total increase in incomes over the last decade has gone to those with above-average incomes and two-fifths has gone to those in the richest tenth.
    • third graph (total income – over time): apart from the richest tenth, the overall distribution of income has changed little over the last decade. The poorest tenth have 2% of total income.
    • fourth graph (total income – shares): the income of the richest tenth is the same as the income of all those on below-average incomes (i.e. the bottom five tenths) combined.
    • fifth graph (compared to Great Britain): income inequality in Scotland is less than in Great Britain as a whole.
    • sixth graph (composition by income level): compared to the bottom two income deciles, the third decile has more pensioners and more working families.
  • Children in low-income households:
    • first graph (over time): despite a reduction over the last decade, children continue to be much more likely to live in low-income households than adults.
    • second graph (by family type): almost half of all people in lone parent families are in low income. This is three times the rate for couples with children.
    • third graph (by work status): unless all adults in the family are working (and at least one of them full time), the risks of a child being in low income are substantial.
    • fourth graph (shares): half of the children in low-income households live in families where at least one of the adults is in paid work.
    • fifth graph (compared to Great Britain): the proportion of children in low-income households in Scotland is now lower than in any of the other regions of Great Britain. This is because the falls over the last decade have been greater in Scotland than in any of the other regions.
  • Working-age adults in low income:
    • first graph (over time): the proportion of working-age adults who are in low-income households is similar to a decade ago.
    • second graph (compared to the United Kingdom): the proportion of working-age adults who are in low-income households in Scotland is lower than the UK average.
  • Low income by work status:
    • first graph (over time): the only families with a low risk of low income are those where all the adults are working.
    • second graph (shares): among working-age adults in low income, almost half now have someone in their family who is in paid work.
    • third graph (by family type): for working-age adults in low income in both working and workless families, the proportion who do not have dependent children has increased.
  • Older people in low income:
    • first graph (over time): with substantial falls over the last decade, pensioners are now much less likely to be living in low income than non-pensioners.
    • second graph (by family type): the one in six pensioners who are in low income compares to almost half of all people in lone parent families.
    • third graph (by depth): unlike working-age adults, relatively few low-income pensioners have a very low income.
    • fourth graph (compared to the United Kingdom): the proportion of pensioners in low income in Scotland is lower than in any of the other regions of the UK.

Updated Wales indicators

  • Numbers in low income:
    • first graph (over time): the estimated number of people who are in low-income households fell in 2008/09 after rising in 2007/08. Current trends are therefore unclear.
    • second graph (fixed low-income threshold): the proportion of people in households below a fixed 1994/95 low-income threshold halved in the period to 2002/03 but has remained largely unchanged since then.
    • third graph (compared to Great Britain – over time): the proportion of people in low-income households in Wales has followed broadly similar trends over time as that for Great Britain as a whole.
    • fourth graph (compared to Great Britain – by region): the proportion of people in low-income households in Wales is slightly higher than the Great Britain average, as it was a decade ago.
  • Low income by age group:
    • first graph (risks): children remain more much likely to live in low-income households than either working-age adults or pensioners.
    • second graph (shares): a third of all people in low-income households are working-age adults without dependent children.
  • Low income by family type:
    • first graph (by family type): half of all people in lone parent families are in low income. This is more than double the rate for couples with children.
    • second graph (depth of low income): three-quarters of the people with very low incomes are either working-age adults without children or in couples with children. Relatively few are either pensioners or in lone parent families.
  • Income inequalities
    • first graph (over time): the poorest tenth have 1½% of total income whilst the second poorest tenth have 4%. The richest tenth have 25-30%.
    • second graph (shares): the income of the richest tenth is similar to the income of all those on below-average incomes (i.e. the bottom five tenths) combined.
    • third graph (Compared to Great Britain): income inequality in Wales is less than in Great Britain as a whole.
  • Children in low-income households:
    • first graph (over time): children continue to be much more likely to live in low-income households than adults.
    • second graph (by family type): half of all people in lone parent families are in low income. This is more than double the rate for couples with children.
    • third graph (by work status): unless all adults in the family are working (and at least one of them full time), the risks of a child being in low income are substantial.
    • fourth graph (shares): half of the children in low-income households live in families where at least one of the adults is in paid work.
    • fifth graph (compared to Great Britain): the proportion of children in low-income households in Wales is now similar to the Great Britain average, having been higher than average a decade ago.
  • Working-age adults in low income:
    • first graph (over time): the proportion of working-age adults who are in low-income households is similar to a decade ago.
    • second graph (compared to the United Kingdom): the proportion of working-age adults who are in low-income households in Wales is slightly higher than the UK average.
  • Low income by work status:
    • first graph (over time): the only families with a low risk of low income are those where all the adults are working.
    • second graph (shares): among working-age adults in low income, almost half now have someone in their family who is in paid work.
    • third graph (by family type): for working-age adults in low income in both working and workless families, the proportion who do not have dependent children has increased.
  • Older people in low income:
    • first graph (over time): pensioners are now much less likely to be living in low income than non-pensioners.
    • second graph (by family type): the one in five pensioners who are in low income compares to half of all people in lone parent families.
    • third graph (by depth): Unlike working-age adults, relatively few low-income pensioners have a very low income.
    • fourth graph (compared to the United Kingdom): the proportion of pensioners in low income in Wales is similar to the UK average.

Updated Northern Ireland indicators

  • Numbers in low income:
    • first graph (after deducting housing costs): the proportion of people who are in low-income households measured after housing costs are deducted is somewhat lower in Northern Ireland than the Great Britain average.
    • second graph (before deducting housing costs): the proportion of people who are in low-income households measured before housing costs are deducted is somewhat higher in Northern Ireland than the Great Britain average.
    • third graph (housing costs): housing costs for households with below-average incomes are much lower in Northern Ireland than in any of the regions of Great Britain.
  • Low income by age group:
    • first graph (risks): as in Great Britain, children in Northern Ireland are more likely to live in low-income households than adults.
    • second graph (shares): a third of all people in low-income households are children.
  • Low income by family type:
    • first graph (by family type): almost half of all people in lone parent families are in low income. This is two-and-a half times the rate for couples with children.
  • Children in low-income households:
    • first graph (compared to Great Britain): the proportion of children who are in low-income households is somewhat lower in Northern Ireland than in either Wales or any of the English regions.
    • second graph (by family type): almost half of all people in lone parent families are in low income. This is two-and-a half times the rate for couples with children.
    • third graph (shares): half of the children in low-income households live in families where at least one of the adults is in paid work.
  • Low income by work status:
    • first graph (over time): as in Great Britain, the only families in Northern Ireland with a low risk of low income are those where all the adults are working.
    • second graph (shares): among working-age adults in low income, half have someone in their family who is in paid work.
  • Low income and disability:
    • first graph (compared to Great Britain): disabled working-age adults in Northern Ireland are twice as likely to live in low-income households as non-disabled adults.
  • Older people in low income:
    • first graph (compared to Great Britain): the proportion of pensioners who are in low-income households is higher in Northern Ireland than in any of the Great Britain regions except for London.
    • second graph (by family type): Similar proportions of single pensioners and pensioner couples are in low income.

August 2010

Updated UK indicators

  • Lacking essentials:
    • first graph (by item/activity – adults): many people on low incomes say that they cannot afford selected essential items or activities – but so do quite a lot of people on average incomes.
    • second graph (by item/activity – children): regular holidays are by far the most common ‘essential’ item that children in low-income households lack because their parents say that they cannot afford them.
  • In arrears with bills:
    • first graph (by income): a fifth of families in the poorest fifth are in arrears with their bills. This is three times the rate for those on average incomes.
    • second graph (by family work status): a fifth of workless working-age families are in arrears with their bills. This is five times the rate for all-working families.
  • Benefit levels:
    • third graph (compared to low-income thresholds): means-tested benefits for a working-age couple with no children are only around half the low-income threshold. By contrast, for a pensioner couple, means-tested benefits are similar to the low-income threshold.
  • Concentrations of poor children:
    • first graph (over time): half of all the primary and nursery school children who are eligible for free school meals are concentrated in a fifth of the schools, a similar proportion to a decade ago.
    • second graph (by phase of education): pupils eligible for free school meals have, on average, twice as many pupils in their school eligible for free school meals.
    • third graph (by region): two-thirds of all local education primary and nursery schools in inner London have a high proportion of their children eligible for free school meals.
  • Low birthweight babies:
    • third graph (by region): the proportion of babies who are of low birthweight is similar in all regions of Great Britain.
  • Educational attainment at age 16:
    • third graph (by free school meal eligibility and gender): young adults are much more likely to live in low-income households than older working-age adults.
    • fourth graph (by free school meal eligibility and ethnicity): unemployed young adults are less likely to be in a low-income household than their older counterparts.
  • Older people with no private income:
    • first graph (over time): 1.2 million pensioners have no income other than the state retirement pension and state benefits. This is a similar number as a decade ago.
    • second graph (not contributing – by income): the proportion of workers without a current pension increases as household income decreases. Two-thirds of those in the poorest fifth do not have a current pension.
    • third graph (not contributing – by age): for all ages from 40 to 60, around a third of workers do not have a current pension.
  • Without a bank account:
    • first graph (by income – over time): the proportion of low-income households with no bank account is much lower than a decade ago.
    • second graph (by income – by type of account): whilst only 5-6% of the poorest fifth of households now have no account, this rises to 11% if Post Office Card Accounts are not considered to be accounts.
  • Mortgage repossessions:
    • third graph (by income): 500,000 homeowners in the poorest fifth expend more than a quarter of their after tax income on mortgage interest repayments. This represents half of all mortgage holders in the poorest fifth.
  • Housing benefit:
    • second graph (by group): one in five households in rented accommodation have a low income but still have to pay full rent.

Updated Scotland indicators

  • Lacking essentials:
    • first graph (by item/activity – adults): many people on low incomes say that they cannot afford selected essential items or activities – but so do quite a lot of people on average incomes.
  • Low birthweight babies:
    • fourth graph (compared to Great Britain): the proportion of babies who are of low birthweight in Scotland is similar to the Great Britain average.
  • Infant deaths:
    • first graph (over time): children born to parents from manual backgrounds are around twice as likely to die in their first year of life as those born to parents from non-manual backgrounds.
  • Young adult suicides:
    • first graph (over time): there are around 100 suicides amongst young adults aged 15-24 each year, mostly males. This is less than a decade ago.
  • Premature death:
    • sixth graph (by local authority – selected diseases): the standardised mortality rate for stomach cancer, lung cancer and heart disease in Glasgow is almost twice as high as that in the best areas.
  • Older people with no private income:
    • first graph (over time): around 140,000 pensioners have no income other than the state retirement pension and state benefits.
    • second graph (not contributing – by income): the proportion of workers without a current pension increases as household income decreases. Two-thirds of those in the poorest fifth do not have a current pension.
    • third graph (not contributing – by age): for all ages from 40 to 60, around a third of workers do not have a current pension.
  • Without a bank account:
    • first graph (over time): the proportion of low-income households with no bank account is an order of magnitude less than a decade ago.

Updated Wales indicators

  • Low birthweight babies:
    • first graph (over time): the proportion of babies born with a low birthweight is similar to a decade ago.
    • fourth graph (compared to Great Britain): the proportion of babies who are of low birthweight in Wales is similar to the Great Britain average.
  • Older people with no private income:
    • first graph (over time): around 80,000 pensioners have no income other than the state retirement pension and state benefits.
    • second graph (not contributing – by income): the proportion of workers without a current pension increases as household income decreases. Three-quarters of those in the poorest fifth do not have a current pension.
    • third graph (not contributing – by age): for all ages from 30 to 60, around two-fifths of workers do not have a current pension.
  • Without a bank account:
    • first graph (over time): the proportion of low-income households with no bank account is much lower than a decade ago.

Updated Northern Ireland indicators

  • Not in education, employment or training:
    • fourth graph (by deprivation of area): more pupils in deprived catholic areas go on to Further or Higher Education than do pupils in deprived protestant areas.
  • Older people with no private income:
    • first graph (compared to Great Britain): two-fifths of single pensioners – and a fifth of pensioner couples – have no income other than the state retirement pension and state benefits. These proportion are much greater than those in Great Britain.
    • second graph (not contributing – by income): the proportion of workers without a current pension increases as household income decreases. Three-quarters of those in the poorest fifth do not have a current pension.
    • third graph (not contributing – by age): for all ages from 30 to retirement age, around two-fifths of workers do not have a current pension.
  • Without a bank account:
    • first graph (compared to Great Britain): at all income levels, the proportion of households lacking a bank account in Northern Ireland is much higher than in Great Britain.
  • Physical environment:
    • first graph (risks): there is a strong relationship between the state of the local outdoor physical environment and the deprivation of the area. The relationship between housing quality and deprivation is much less clear.
    • second graph (shares): well over half of areas with the worst physical environment are in the most deprived fifth of all local areas.
  • Victims of crime:
    • first graph (by deprivation of area): Assaults are much more common in areas with above-average deprivation. Burglaries are also a bit more common but the differences are much less.

Updated rural England indicators

  • Educational attainment at age 16:
    • first graph (by free school meal eligibility and gender): a fifth of all boys in rural districts who are eligible for free school meals do not obtain 5 or more GCSEs.
  • Older people with no private income:
    • first graph (no private income): pensioners in rural districts are much less likely than those in urban districts to rely solely on the state retirement pension and state benefits for their income.

Updated local area data

  • Educational attainment at age 16 (England only; lower tier spreadsheet and map).

July 2010

Updated UK indicators

  • Lacking consumer durables:
    • first graph (over time): one in six households in low income lack either a freezer or a washing machine. This compares with one in three a decade ago.
    • second graph (by item): for all consumer durables, the proportion of low-income households who are lacking them is much lower than a decade ago but still higher than for those on average incomes.
  • Benefit levels:
    • first graph (over time re inflation): while the level of means-tested benefits for both families with children and pensioners has gone up much faster than inflation over the last decade, that for working-age adults without children has remained constant in real terms.
    • second graph (over time re earnings): until the recent small rises, the level of means-tested benefits, relative to earnings, for working-age adults without children had been in continual decline, unlike those for both pensioners and families with children.
  • Children in workless households:
    • fifth graph (compared to the European Union): the UK has a higher proportion of its children living in workless households than any other EU country.
  • Low birthweight babies:
    • second graph (by family type): babies born to lone parents are more likely to be of low birthweight than babies born to couples.
  • Underage pregnancies:
    • third graph (by social class): teenage motherhood is eight times as common amongst those from manual social backgrounds as for those from professional backgrounds.
  • School exclusions:
    • first and second graphs (over time): the number of permanent exclusions has fallen by a third over the last six years.
    • third graph (by ethnic group): Black Caribbean pupils are three times as likely to be permanently excluded from school as pupils from any other ethnic group.
    • fourth graph (by region): the rate of permanent exclusion is much lower in Scotland than elsewhere in Great Britain.
  • Not in education, employment or training:
    • third graph (by destination): the proportion of 16- to 18-year-olds who are in full-time education has increased in recent years.
    • fourth graph (by gender): among 16- to 18-year-olds, more girls than boys continue in full-time education.
    • fifth graph (by ethnic group): the proportion of White 16-year-olds who do not continue in full time education is much higher than that for any ethnic minority, but many are undertaking some form of training.
  • Young adults with a criminal record:
    • second graph (by ethnic group): black young adults are four times as likely as white young adults to be in prison.
  • Blue collar jobs:
    • first graph (over time by industry): while the total number of jobs is higher than a decade ago, the number of jobs in manufacturing, construction and other production industries has fallen.
    • second graph (over time within production): whilst manufacturing has been declining, the number of jobs in construction is similar to a decade ago.
    • third graph (by region): over the last decade, all parts of the UK have seen a rise in service jobs combined with a loss of jobs in manufacturing, construction and other production industries.
  • Workless households:
    • third graph (compared to the European Union): the UK has a higher proportion of its working-age population living in workless households than most other EU countries.
  • Housing benefit:
    • first graph (over time): around two-fifths of pensioner households entitled to Council Tax Benefit – and a third of those entitled to Pension Credit – are not claiming them. These are much higher proportions than a decade ago.
    • second graph (by amount): of the estimated £4½ billion of unclaimed income-related benefits to which pensioners were entitled in 2008/09, Pensioner Credit accounted for half while Council Tax Benefit accounted for a third.
    • third graph (by tenure): half of the owner occupiers entitled to Pension Credit are not claiming it, a much higher proportion than for those in other tenures.
    • fourth graph (by family type): the proportion of pensioner households entitled to, but not claiming, Pension Credit is somewhat higher for pensioner couples than for single pensioners.
  • Access to transport:
    • first graph (journeys): people in households without a car make fewer than half the number of journeys as those with a car.
    • third graph (cars by household income): just about all households with above-average incomes have a car but half of low-income households do not.
    • fifth graph (cars by gender): although the proportion is coming down, two-fifths of women still do not drive. This compares with a quarter of men.
  • Homelessness:
    • fifth graph (in temporary accommodation – over time): the number of homeless households placed in temporary accommodation has fallen sharply since 2005.
    • fifth graph (in temporary accommodation – by region): the number of households in temporary accommodation is an order of magnitude greater in London than elsewhere.
  • Housing benefit:
    • first graph (over time): levels of non-take-up of Housing Benefit are much higher than a decade ago. This is the case for both pensioners and those of working-age.
  • Victims of crime:
    • first graph (over time): both burglaries and violent crimes have fallen by almost half over the last decade.
    • second graph (by household type): young households and the unemployed are at high risk of both being burgled and of being the victims of violence.
    • third graph (by region): the burglary rate is almost twice as high in Yorkshire & the Humber and in London as in Wales. There is less variation in the incidence of violent crime.
    • fourth graph (levels of worry): the proportion of adults who are very worried about being the victim of crime is much lower than a decade ago.
    • sixth graph (beliefs): throughout the last decade, many more adults think that their local crime rate has been increasing than think that it has been decreasing.

Updated Scotland indicators

  • Lacking consumer durables:
    • first graph (over time): the proportion of low income households lacking selected consumer durables has fallen considerably since the early 1990s.
    • second graph (compared to the United Kingdom): although the gap has been narrowing, fewer low-income households lack either a freezer or a washing machine in Scotland than in the UK as a whole.
  • Underage pregnancies:
    • first graph (over time): the number of pregnancies to girls conceiving under age 16 is similar to a decade ago, although the number of actual births is lower.
    • second graph (by deprivation of area): underage conceptions are much more common in deprived areas.
  • School exclusions:
    • third graph (compared to Great Britain): the rate of permanent exclusion is much lower in Scotland than elsewhere in Great Britain.
  • Blue collar jobs:
    • first graph (over time by industry): although the total number of jobs is similar to a decade ago, the number of service jobs (both private and public) is somewhat higher whilst the number of production jobs is somewhat lower.
    • second graph (over time within production): most of the fall in production jobs has been in manufacturing.
    • third graph (by region): the pattern of an increase in the number of service jobs, combined with a decrease in the number of production jobs, has occurred throughout the United Kingdom as well as in Scotland.
  • Longstanding illness/disability:
    • first graph (by age and housing tenure): people of all ages who are living in social rented accommodation are much more likely to suffer from a limiting long-standing illness than those in owner occupation.
  • Mental health:
    • first graph (by gender and work status): people who are working are at much lower risk of mental illness than those who are either unemployed or long-term sick or disabled.
  • Access to transport:
    • first graph (by type of area): people living in rural areas are much more likely to find public transport inconvenient than those living in either small towns or urban areas.
    • second graph (by reason): in rural areas, the most common reason for not using public transport is the lack of a service. In urban areas, a common reason is that it takes too long.
  • Access to essential services:
    • first graph (by type of area): those living in rural locations are more likely to find access to essential services inconvenient than those living in either urban areas or towns.
    • second graph (by cars): for many services, those without cars are no more likely to find access to essential services inconvenient than those with cars.
  • Dissatisfaction with public services:
    • first graph (by type of area): levels of dissatisfaction with Council services are similar in all types of area.
    • second graph (by deprivation of area): whilst the proportion of people who think that their Council does not provide high quality services is highest in the most deprived areas, the differences are not that great.
    • third graph (by income): levels of dissatisfaction with Council services are similar at all income levels.
    • fourth graph (by housing tenure): whilst the proportion of people who think that their Council does not provide high quality services is highest among social renters, the differences are not that great.
    • fifth graph (by social class): whilst the proportion of people who think that their Council does not provide high quality services is highest among those from routine and manual backgrounds, the differences are not that great.
  • Dissatisfaction with local area:
    • first graph (by type of area): people in urban areas are more likely to dislike their neighbourhood because of either young people ‘hanging around’ or vandalism than those in more rural areas.
    • second graph (by deprivation of area): people living in deprived areas are much more likely to dislike their neighbourhood because of young people ‘hanging around’ or vandalism than those living in other areas.
    • third graph (by income): a similar proportion of people at all income levels dislike their neighbourhood because of young people ‘hanging around’ or vandalism.
    • fourth graph (by housing tenure): people in social rented housing are much more likely than owner occupiers to dislike their neighbourhood because of either young people ‘hanging around’ or vandalism.
    • fifth graph (by social class): a similar proportion of people in all social classes dislike their neighbourhood because of young people ‘hanging around’ or vandalism.
  • Feeling unsafe out at night:
    • first graph (by type of area): people in urban areas are more than twice as likely to feel unsafe walking alone in their area at night as those in rural areas.
    • second graph (by deprivation of area): people living in the most deprived areas are twice as likely to feel unsafe walking alone in their area at night as those living in areas with below-average deprivation.
    • third graph (by income): people on below-average incomes are twice as likely to feel unsafe walking alone in their area at night as those on above-average incomes.
    • fourth graph (by housing tenure): people in social rented housing are almost twice as likely to feel unsafe walking alone in their area at night as owner occupiers.
    • fifth graph (by social class): the proportion of people who feel unsafe walking alone in their area at night is somewhat higher for those from routine and manual backgrounds than for those from other backgrounds.
  • Working in a voluntary capacity:
    • first graph (by type of area): people living in urban areas are less likely to have worked in a voluntary capacity than those living in rural areas.
    • second graph (by deprivation of area): people living in deprived areas are much less likely to have worked in a voluntary capacity than those living in other areas.
    • third graph (by income): people on low incomes are much less likely to have worked in a voluntary capacity than those on higher incomes.
    • fourth graph (by housing tenure): owner occupiers are twice as likely to have worked in a voluntary capacity as those living in social housing.
    • fifth graph (by social class): people from routine or manual backgrounds are much less likely to have worked in a voluntary capacity than those from other backgrounds.

Updated Wales indicators

  • Lacking consumer durables:
    • first graph (over time): the proportion of low income households lacking selected consumer durables has fallen considerably since the early 1990s.
  • School exclusions:
    • second graph (compared to Great Britain): the rate of permanent exclusion is much lower in Wales than in most of the English regions but higher than in Scotland.
  • Blue collar jobs:
    • first graph (over time by industry): while the total number of jobs is higher than a decade ago, the number of jobs in manufacturing, construction and other production industries has fallen.
    • second graph (over time within production): whilst manufacturing has been declining, the number of jobs in construction is similar to a decade ago.
    • third graph (by region): the pattern of an increase in total jobs, combined with a decrease in the number of jobs in the production industries, has occurred throughout the United Kingdom as well as in Wales.
  • Mental health:
    • first graph (by gender and work status): people who are working are at much lower risk of mental illness than those who are either unemployed or long-term sick or disabled.
  • Homelessness:
    • first graph (over time): the number of newly homeless households has halved since 2004 but is still around 8,000 households a year.
    • second graph (by family type): three-quarters of those officially recognised as homeless do not have dependent children and most of the others are lone parents. Very few are couples with children.
    • third graph (by reason): the biggest reason for becoming homeless is loss of accommodation provided by relatives or friends.
    • fourth graph and map (by local authority): every local authority has a homelessness problem, but the greatest problems appear to be in Swansea.
    • fifth graph (in temporary accommodation): although now falling, the number of homeless households in temporary accommodation is still three times that of a decade ago.
  • Burglaries:
    • first graph (compared to England): the burglary rate is lower in Wales than in any of the English regions.
    • second graph (by local authority): burglary appears to be much more common in Newport, Cardiff and Swansea than elsewhere.

Updated Northern Ireland indicators

  • Blue collar jobs:
    • first graph (over time by industry): while the total number of jobs is higher than a decade ago, the number of jobs in manufacturing, construction and other production industries is somewhat lower.
    • second graph (over time within production): whilst manufacturing has been declining, the number of jobs in construction is similar to a decade ago.
    • third graph (over time by gender): the number of jobs is higher than a decade ago for both men and women and for both full-time and part-time work.
    • fourth graph (shares by gender): almost half of full-time male jobs are in production industries, compared to one in ten full-time female jobs and part-time jobs.
    • fifth graph (shares by industry): manufacturing, construction and other production industries are the areas which are dominated by full-time male jobs.
    • seventh graph (compared to Great Britain – trends): the pattern of an increase in total jobs, combined with a decrease in the number of jobs in the production industries, has occurred throughout Great Britain as well as in Northern Ireland.
    • eighth graph (compared to Great Britain – shares): Northern Ireland has a slighter – but only slightly – larger proportion of its jobs in the public sector than most of the regions of Great Britain.
  • Mental health:
    • first graph (by gender and work status): people who are working are at much lower risk of mental illness than those who are either unemployed or long-term sick or disabled.

Updated rural England indicators

  • School exclusions:
    • first graph (compared to urban): the proportion of pupils permanently excluded from school is similar in all types of authority.

May 2010

Updated UK indicators

  • In receipt of tax credits:
    • first graph (over time): the introduction of Working and Child Tax Credits means that the number of working households who are in receipt of tax credits has trebled over the last decade.
    • second graph (by region): the proportion of working-age households who are in receipt of tax credits in London and the South East is less than elsewhere in the UK.
  • Educational attainment at age 11:
    • second graph (by free school meal eligibility and gender): 11-year-old pupils eligible for free school meals are around twice as likely not to achieve basic standards in literacy and numeracy as other 11-year-old pupils.
    • third graph (by free school meal eligibility and ethnic group): differences in achievement between 11-year old pupils by eligibility for school meals are greatest (by far) amongst White British pupils.
  • Young adult unemployment:
    • first and second graphs (over time): at 19%, the unemployment rate for 16- to 24-year-olds has been rising since 2004.  It is more than three times the rate for older workers.
    • third graph (by gender): the unemployment rate is higher for young men than for young women.
    • fourth graph (by region): the unemployment rate for 16- to 24-year-olds is highest in London.
  • Wanting paid work:
    • first and second graphs (over time): the number of people who lack, but want, paid work has been rising since 2005, not just during the current recession.
    • third graph (by region): the proportion of the working-age population lacking who lack, but want, paid work is highest in London and the North East.
    • fourth graph (by age and sex): for women of all ages, and for older men, those who are economically inactive but wanting paid work substantially outnumber the officially unemployed.
    • fifth graph (by reason): around half of those who lack, but want, paid work are not officially unemployed.
  • Work and disability:
    • first graph (over time): 40% of those with a work-limiting disability are working.  A further 25% lack, but want, paid work.
    • second graph (compared to other groups – over time): whilst the proportion of lone parents who are not in paid work has fallen a lot, the proportion of disabled people who are not in paid work has only fallen slightly.
    • third graph (compared to other groups – by gender): disability affects work status much more than gender or even lone parenthood.
    • fourth graph (shares): among those who are aged 25 to retirement and are not working, almost half are disabled.
    • fifth graph (by qualification): at every level of qualification, the proportion of people with a work-limiting disability who lack, but want, paid work is much greater than for those without a disability.
    • sixth graph (by region): the proportion of people who both have a work-limiting disability and lack, but want, paid work is noticeably higher in the North East than elsewhere.
  • Insecure at work:
    • first and second graphs (job insecurity over time): half of the men, and a third of the women, making a new claim for Jobseeker’s Allowance were last claiming less than six months previously.

Updated Scotland indicators

  • In receipt of tax credits:
    • first graph (over time): the introduction of Working and Child Tax Credits means that the number of working households who are in receipt of tax credits has trebled over the last decade.
    • second graph and map (by local authority): the proportion of the population in receipt of tax credits is lower in Aberdeen and Edinburgh than elsewhere.
    • third graph (compared to the UK): Scotland has a somewhat lower proportion of households who are in receipt of tax credits than most other regions in the UK.
  • Educational attainment at age 16:
    • first graph (over time): whilst standard grade achievement for pupils on average has risen somewhat, that for the bottom fifth is similar to a decade ago.
    • second graph (by level of deprivation): average Standard Grade attainment for pupils in deprived schools is less than that for pupils on average, but not by much.
    • third graph (school leavers): the proportion of school leavers with Standard Grades only is similar to a decade ago but there has been a big rise in the proportion of these who have high Standard Grades.
  • Young adult unemployment:
    • first and second graphs (over time): at 17%, the unemployment rate for 16- to 24-year-olds is now back to the level of the mid 1990s. It is three times the rate for older workers.
    • third graph (compared to the UK): the unemployment rate for 16- to 24-year-olds in Scotland is somewhat below the UK average.
  • Wanting paid work:
    • first graph (over time): unemployment rose sharply in 2009, but the number of people classified as economically inactive but wanting paid work remained unchanged.
    • second graph (by age and sex): for women of all ages, and for older men, those who are economically inactive but wanting paid work substantially outnumber the officially unemployed.
    • third graph (by reason): more than half of those who lack, but want, paid work are not officially unemployed.
    • fifth graph (compared to the UK): the proportion of the working-age population who lack, but want, paid work in Scotland is similar to the UK average.
  • Work and disability:
    • first graph (over time): 35% of those with a work-limiting disability are working. A further 25% lack, but want, paid work.
    • second graph (compared to the UK): the proportion of people who are both work-limiting disabled and lack, but want, paid work is somewhat higher in Scotland than in most of the rest of the UK.
    • third graph (shares): among those who are aged 25 to retirement and not working, half are disabled.
  • Insecure at work:
    • first and second graphs (job insecurity over time): half of the men, and a third of the women, making a new claim for Jobseeker’s Allowance were last claiming less than six months previously.

Updated Wales indicators

  • In receipt of tax credits:
    • first graph (over time): the introduction of Working and Child Tax Credits means that the number of working households who are in receipt of tax credits is double that of a decade ago.
    • second graph and map (by local authority): every local authority has at least a sixth of its working-age households in receipt of tax credits.
    • third graph (compared to the UK): Wales has a slightly higher proportion of households who are in receipt of tax credits than the average for the whole of the UK.
  • Young adult unemployment:
    • first and second graphs (over time): at 20%, the unemployment rate for 16- to 24-year-olds has been rising since 2004.  It is more than three times the rate for older workers.
    • third graph (compared to the UK): the unemployment rate for 16- to 24-year-olds in Wales is similar to the UK average.
  • Wanting paid work:
    • first graph (over time): the number of people who lack, but want, paid work has been rising since 2005, not just during the current recession.
    • second graph (by age and sex): for women of all ages, and for older men, those who are economically inactive but wanting paid work substantially outnumber the officially unemployed.
    • third graph (by reason): more than half of those who lack, but want, paid work are not officially unemployed.
    • fifth graph (compared to the UK): the proportion of the working-age population who lack, but want, paid work is somewhat higher in Wales than in most other parts of the UK.
  • Work and disability:
    • first graph (over time): 30% of those with a work-limiting disability are working. A further 20% lack, but want, paid work.
    • second graph (compared to the UK): the proportion of people who are both work-limiting disabled and lack, but want, paid work is higher in Wales than in most of the rest of the UK.
    • third graph (shares): among those who are aged 25 to retirement and not working, around half are disabled.
  • Insecure at work:
    • first and second graphs (job insecurity over time): half of the men, and a third of the women, making a new claim for Jobseeker’s Allowance were last claiming less than six months previously.

Updated Northern Ireland indicators

  • In receipt of tax credits:
    • first graph (over time): the introduction of Working and Child Tax Credits means that the number of working households who are in receipt of tax credits is double that of a decade ago.
    • second graph and map (by local authority): the proportion of working-age households receiving tax credits is higher in most of the western districts than in most of the eastern ones.
    • third graph (compared to Great Britain): Northern Ireland has a higher proportion of households who are in receipt of tax credits than any of the Great Britain regions.
  • Educational attainment at age 16:
    • first graph (over time): in 2008/09, 9% of school leavers obtained fewer than 5 GCSEs. This compares with 15% a decade ago.
    • second graph (by free school meal eligibility): among pupils entitled to free schools meals, the proportion of school leavers who have fewer than five GCSEs has fallen sharply in recent years. It is, however, still more than twice that for school leavers on average.
  • Not in education, employment or training:
    • third graph (by gender): far more girls than boys go into Higher and Further Education, whereas more boys go into training.
  • Young adult unemployment:
    • first and second graphs (over time): After a sharp rise in 2009, the unemployment rate among 16- to 24-year-olds is back to the level of the mid-1990s. It is more than three times the rate for older workers.
    • third graph (compared to Great Britain): the unemployment rate for 16- to 24-year-olds in Northern Ireland is lower than in any of the regions of Great Britain bar one.
  • Wanting paid work:
    • first graph (lacking but wanting work – over time): the number of people who lack, but want, paid work rose sharply in 2009 but is still lower than a decade ago.
    • second graph (lacking but wanting work – compared to Great Britain): Northern Ireland has a lower proportion of its working-age population who lack, but want, paid work than any of the regions in Great Britain.
    • third graph (lacking work – over time): Northern Ireland has more of its working-age population not in paid work than any region in Great Britain.
    • fourth graph (lacking work – compared to Great Britain): Northern Ireland’s high number of people not in paid work is entirely accounted for by the high number of students and long-term sick/disabled.
  • Work and disability:
    • first graph (over time): 30% of those with a work-limiting disability are working. A further 15% would like to work but 55% do not want paid work.
    • second graph (compared to Great Britain): the proportion of people who are both work-limiting disabled and lack, but want, paid work is lower in Northern Ireland than in any region of Great Britain bar one.
    • third graph (shares): among those who are aged 25 to retirement and not working, around half are disabled.
  • Childcare provision:
    • second graph (support from tax credits): the average amount of childcare support from tax credits is higher in Northern Ireland than in most of the regions of Great Britain.

Updated rural England indicators

  • In receipt of tax credits:
    • first graph (compared to urban): the proportion of working-age households who are in receipt of tax credits is similar in both rural and urban districts.
  • Educational attainment at age 11:
    • first graph (by free school meal eligibility and gender): around two-fifths of pupils in rural districts who are eligible for free school meals do not achieve basic standards in literacy and numeracy.

Updated local area data

  • Educational attainment at age 11 (lower tier spreadsheet and map).

April 2010

Updated UK indicators

  • Children in workless households:
    • first and second graphs (over time): around 1.9 million children live in workless households. Two-thirds of them are in lone parent households.
    • third graph (by household type): half of all children of lone parents live in households which are workless. This compares to just one in fifteen for children of couples.
    • fourth graph (by region): at almost a third of all children, the proportion of children who are in workless households in inner London is much higher than elsewhere.
  • Low birthweight babies:
    • first graph (over time): babies born to parents from manual social backgrounds continue to be more somewhat likely to have a low birthweight than those born to parents from non-manual social backgrounds.
    • fourth graph (link with infant deaths – rates): there is a very strong relationship between low birthweight and the subsequent likelihood of infant death.
    • fifth graph (link with infant deaths – shares): two-thirds of all infant deaths are among those borne of low birthweight.
  • Infant deaths:
    • first graph (over time): although down by a fifth on a decade ago, infant deaths are still 50% more common among those from manual backgrounds than among those from non-manual backgrounds.
  • Looked-after children:
    • first graph (educational attainment): although falling, a third of looked-after children still obtain no GCSEs and a further fifth obtain fewer than five GCSEs .
  • Young adults without a basic qualification:
    • first graph (over time): The proportion of 19-year-olds without a basic level of qualification has fallen sharply in recent years, down from a third in 2004 to a fifth in 2009.
  • Young adult low pay:
    • fourth graph (rates by industry): in wholesale, retail, hotels and restaurants, around three-quarters of all employees aged 16 to 24 are paid less than £7 per hour.
    • fifth graph (shares by industry): half of all adults aged 16 to 24 earning less than £7 per hour work in wholesale, retail, hotels or restaurants.
  • Work and lone parents:
    • first graph (over time): 57% of lone parents are working, up from 48% a decade ago.
    • second graph (by region): the proportion of lone parents who lack, but want, paid work is much higher in London than elsewhere.
  • Work and ethnicity:
    • first graph (over time): one in seven adults aged 25 to retirement from ethnic minorities are not working but want to, lower than a decade ago but still much higher than that for White people.
    • second graph (by group): around a third of Bangladeshis and Pakistanis are both not in paid work and say that they do not want paid work, a much higher proportion than that for any other ethnic group.
    • fourth graph (workless households): a quarter of working-age Bangladeshi, Black Caribbean and Black African households are workless.
  • Workless households:
    • first graph (over time): single adult households – both with and without children – are much more likely to be workless than couple households.
    • second graph (shares): half of workless, working-age households are single adults without dependent children.
  • Low pay and disability:
    • first graph (by gender and full-/part-time): for both full-time and part-time work, the proportion of employees with a work-limiting disability who are low paid is higher than that for employees without a work-limiting disability.
    • second graph (by qualifications): at all levels of qualification, the proportion of people with a work-limiting disability who are low paid is somewhat greater than for those without a disability.
  • Help from social services:
    • second graph (by region): somewhat fewer older people are helped to live at home in the South (outside London) than elsewhere in England.
    • third graph (by type of authority): on average, English county councils support somewhat fewer older people to live independently at home than urban authorities.
  • Without a telephone:
    • first graph (over time): just about all pensioners now have a telephone.
  • Without home contents insurance:
    • first graph (by income): half of the poorest households do not have home contents insurance, the same as a decade ago and more than twice the rate for households with average incomes.
  • Polarisation by housing tenure:
    • second graph (over time – work): in two-thirds of households in social housing, the head of household is not in paid work. Although this has been the case throughout the last decade, it was only a half at the start of the 1980s.
    • third graph (by age group): half of heads of households aged between 25 and 54 in social rented housing are not in paid work compared to just one in fifteen of those in owner-occupation.
    • fourth graph (by region): three-quarters of heads of households in social housing in Northern Ireland are not in work, more than in any other part of the UK.

Updated Scotland indicators

  • Children in workless households:
    • first graph (over time): the number of children in workless households has fallen by around a fifth over the last decade. Around two-thirds of them are in lone parent households.
    • second graph (by household type): almost half of all children of lone parents live in households which are workless. This compares to around one in twenty for children of couples.
    • third graph (by region): the proportion of children who are in workless households in Scotland is somewhat lower than the UK average.
  • Work and lone parents:
    • first graph (over time): 60% of lone parents are working, up from 50% a decade ago.
    • second graph (compared to the UK): around a fifth of lone parents in Scotland lack, but want, paid work, a similar proportion to the UK average.
  • Workless households:
    • first graph (over time): single adult households – both with and without children – are much more likely to be workless than couple households.
    • second graph (shares): three-fifths of all workless, working-age households are single adults without dependent children.

Updated Wales indicators

  • Children in workless households:
    • first graph (over time): around 110,000 children live in workless households. Two-thirds of them are in lone parent households.
    • second graph (by household type): half of all children of lone parents live in households which are workless. This compares to one in twelve for children of couples.
    • third graph (by region): the proportion of children who are in workless households in Wales is somewhat higher than the UK average.
  • School exclusions:
    • first graph (over time): in the last few years, the annual number of children permanently excluded from school has halved, fallen around 400 to around 200.
  • Work and lone parents:
    • first graph (over time): around 55% of lone parents are working, up from around 45% a decade ago.
    • second graph (compared to the UK): almost a quarter of lone parents in Wales lack, but want, paid work, a somewhat higher proportion than in most of the rest of the UK.
  • Workless households:
    • first graph (over time): single adult households – both with and without children – are much more likely to be workless than couple households.
    • second graph (shares): half of workless, working-age households are single adults without dependent children.

Updated Northern Ireland indicators

  • Children in workless households:
    • first graph (over time): whilst the number of children in workless households has been rising in the last few years, it is still lower than that of a decade ago.
    • second graph (by household type): half of all children of lone parents live in households which are workless. This compares to one in twenty for children of couples.
    • third graph (by region): the proportion of children who are in workless households in Northern Ireland is somewhat lower than the UK average.
  • Work and lone parents:
    • first graph (over time): around 55% of lone parents are working, up from around 45% a decade ago.
    • second graph (compared to Great Britain): one in seven lone parents in Northern Ireland are not working but want to, a much smaller proportion than in any of the regions of Great Britain.
  • Work and religion:
    • first graph (over time): throughout the last decade, employment rates have been somewhat lower for Catholics than for Protestants.
    • second graph (by age group – employment): for all age groups, unemployment rates for Catholics are higher than for Protestants.
    • third graph (by age group – economic inactivity): for all age groups, economic inactivity rates for Catholics are higher than for Protestants.
  • Workless households:
    • first graph (over time): single adult households – both with and without children – are much more likely to be workless than couple households.
    • second graph (shares): three-fifths of all workless, working-age households are single adults without dependent children.
  • Without home contents insurance:
    • first graph (by income): more than half of the poorest households are uninsured. This compares with one in five for households on average incomes.
  • Polarisation by housing tenure:
    • first graph (over time): the proportion of social sector households where the head of the household is not in paid work is similar to a decade ago.
    • fourth graph (compared to Great Britain): three-quarters of heads of households in social housing in Northern Ireland are not in work, more than in any region of Great Britain.

March 2010

Updated UK indicators

  • Accidental deaths among children:
    • first graph (over time): accidental deaths amongst the under-16s have almost halved over the last decade.
  • Without a basic qualification at age 19:
    • second graph (by age group): although a half of young adults do not obtain a level 2 qualification at age 16, this proportion reduces to a quarter by age 21.
    • third graph (by gender): fewer girls lack a basic level of qualification than boys.
  • Impact of qualifications on work:
    • first graph (lack of work): the lower a young adult’s qualifications, the more likely they are to be lacking but wanting paid work. Even so, ‘only’ a quarter of those aged 25 to 29 with low or no qualifications lack but want work.
    • second graph (low pay): the lower a young adult’s qualifications, the more likely they are to be low paid. Half of all employees aged 25 to 29 with low or no qualifications are low paid.
  • Not in education, employment or training:
    • first graph (over time): one in eight 16- to 19-year-olds is not in education, employment or training, somewhat higher than a decade ago.
    • second graph (by region): The proportion of 16- to 19-year-olds who are not in education, employment or training is somewhat lower in Northern Ireland than elsewhere.
    • third graph (by region): the proportion of 16- to 18-year-olds who are in full-time education has increased in recent years.
    • fourth graph (by gender): among 16- to 18-year-olds, more girls than boys continue in full-time education.
  • Work and gender:
    • first graph (not working – over time): the proportion of working-age women who are not working is much lower than forty years ago whilst the equivalent proportion for men is much higher.
    • second graph (economically inactive): these trends – of increasing work rates for women and decreasing work rates for men – have been happening throughout the last forty years.
    • third graph (not working – by age group): differences in work rates between men and women are much greater among those aged 25 to 49 than in either younger or older age groups.
  • Blue collar jobs:
    • third graph (by gender): one in three full-time male workers are in production industries, compared to around one in ten full-time female workers and part-time workers.
    • fourth graph (by industry): manufacturing, construction and other production industries are the areas which are dominated by full-time male workers.
  • Low pay by industry:
    • first graph (risks): two-third of employees in hotels & restaurants – and half of those in retail & wholesale – earn less than £7 per hour. Three-fifths of them are women.
    • second graph (shares): a quarter of workers earning less than £7 per hour work in the public sector.
    • third graph (by age group): much of the low pay in the hotels & restaurants and retail & wholesale sectors is in the younger age groups. By contrast, low pay in the public sector is spread throughout the age range.
  • Insecure at work:
    • third graph (temporary/part-time): most part-time employees do not want a full-time job – but only a quarter of temporary employees do not want a permanent job.
    • fourth graph (temporary contracts): the number of people in temporary contracts is somewhat lower than a decade ago.
    • fifth graph (union membership): only one in nine workers earning less than £7 an hour belong to a trade union, a much smaller proportion than for those with higher hourly earnings.
  • Access to training:
    • first graph (over time): throughout the last decade, people with no qualifications have been around three times less likely to receive job-related training than those with some qualifications.
    • second graph (by level of qualification): the lower a person’s level of educational qualifications, the less likely they are to receive job-related training.
    • third graph (by occupation): access to training differs significantly by occupation, being least in elementary (routine) occupations, plant & machine operatives and skilled trades.
    • fourth graph (by industry): the best access to training is in the public sector.
  • Working-age adults without qualifications:
    • first graph (over time): the proportion of the working-age population without any educational qualifications has fallen by a third over the last decade.
    • second graph (by age and gender): the proportion of people in their twenties without any educational qualifications is much smaller than the proportion for people aged 40 and over but similar to the proportion for people in their thirties.
    • third graph (by region): the proportion of the working-age population without any educational qualifications is much higher in Northern Ireland than in the rest of the UK.
  • Mental health:
    • first and second graphs (over time): the proportion of working-age people who are deemed to be at a high risk of developing a mental illness is somewhat lower than a decade ago. Women are more at risk than men.
    • third graph (by income): adults in the poorest fifth are much more likely to be at risk of developing a mental illness than those on average incomes.
    • fourth graph (by social class): people from manual backgrounds are at slightly higher risk of developing a mental illness than those from non-manual backgrounds.
    • fifth graph (by region): the risk of mental illness is similar across all the regions in England.
  • Obesity:
    • first and second graphs (over time): almost a quarter of working-age people are now obese. This is a much higher proportion than a decade ago.
    • third graph (by income): there no obvious relationship between obesity and income. The groups with the lowest levels of obesity are poor men and rich women.
    • fourth graph (by social class): there is no obvious relationship between obesity and social class.
    • fifth graph (by region): in England, the proportion of working-age people who are obese is lowest in London.
  • Homelessness:
    • first graph (over time): the number of newly homeless households has fallen by two-thirds since 2004.
    • second graph (by region): although most prevalent in London and the West Midlands, homelessness is to be found throughout the country.
    • third graph (by reason): by far the biggest reason for becoming homeless is loss of accommodation provided by relatives or friends.
    • fourth graph (by ethnic group): a quarter of those accepted as homeless and in priority need by English local authorities are from ethnic minorities.
    • seventh graph (in temporary accommodation by length of stay): 30% of households leaving temporary accommodation in 2009 had stayed there for a year or more.
  • Mortgage repossessions:
    • first graph (over time): mortgage re-possessions have been rising sharply since 2004 and, by 2009, were seven times the level of 2004. They are now back to the levels of 1993.

Updated Scotland indicators

  • Impact of qualifications on work:
    • first graph (lack of work): the lower a person’s qualifications, the more likely they are to be lacking but wanting paid work.
    • second graph (low pay): the lower their level of qualifications the more likely a person is to be low paid.
  • Not in education, employment or training:
    • first graph (over time): around one in eight 16- to 19-year-olds are not in education, employment or training, similar to a decade ago.
    • second graph (compared to the rest of the UK): the proportion of 16- to 19-year-olds who are not in education, employment or training in Scotland is similar to most of the rest of the UK.
  • Blue collar jobs:
    • third graph (by gender): four in ten full-time male workers are in production industries, compared to around one in ten full-time female workers and part-time workers.
    • fourth graph (by industry): manufacturing, construction and other production industries are the areas which are dominated by full-time male workers.
  • Low pay by industry:
    • first graph (risks): more than half of employees in the hotel, restaurant, retail and wholesale sectors are paid less than £7 per hour, around two-thirds of them being women.
    • second graph (shares): almost half of all low paid workers work in the hotel, restaurant, retail and wholesale sectors. A further fifth work in the public sector.
  • Insecure at work:
    • third graph (temporary/part-time): most part-time employees do not want a full-time job – but only a quarter of temporary employees do not want a permanent job.
    • fourth graph (temporary contracts): the number of people in temporary contracts has fallen by around a third over the last decade.
    • fifth graph (union membership): only one in nine workers earning less than £7 an hour belong to a trade union, a much smaller proportion than for those with higher hourly earnings.
  • Access to training:
    • first graph (over time): although there has been some improvement over the last decade, people with no qualifications are still three times less likely to receive job-related training than those with some qualifications.
    • second graph (by level of qualification): people with no qualifications are much less likely to receive any job-related training.
    • third graph (by occupation): access to training differs significantly by occupation, being least in elementary (routine) occupations and for plant & machine operatives.
    • fourth graph (by industry): the best access to training is in the public sector.
  • Help from social services:
    • first graph (over time): the number of people aged 65 and over receiving home care fell by a third between 1996 and 2002 but has remained fairly steady since then.
    • second graph and map (by local authority): Argyll & Bute and Perth & Kinross provide home care to only a third as many older people as West Dunbartonshire.

Updated Wales indicators

  • Impact of qualifications on work:
    • first graph (lack of work): the lower a person’s qualifications, the more likely they are to be lacking but wanting paid work.
    • second graph (low pay): the lower their level of qualifications the more likely a person is to be low paid.
  • Not in education, employment or training:
    • first graph (over time): around one in nine 16- to 19-year-olds are not in education, employment or training.
    • second graph (compared to the rest of the UK): the proportion of 16- to 19-year-olds who are not in education, employment or training in Wales is similar to most of the rest of the UK.
  • Blue collar jobs:
    • third graph (by gender): four in ten full-time male workers are in production industries, compared to around one in ten full-time female workers and part-time workers.
    • fourth graph (by industry): manufacturing, construction and other production industries are the areas which are dominated by full-time male workers.
  • Low pay by industry:
    • first graph (risks): more than half of employees in the hotel, restaurant, retail and wholesale sectors are paid less than £7 per hour, around two-thirds of them being women.
    • second graph (shares): two-fifths of all low paid workers work in the hotel, restaurant, retail and wholesale sectors. A further quarter work in the public sector.
  • Insecure at work:
    • third graph (temporary/part-time): most part-time employees do not want a full-time job – but only a quarter of temporary employees do not want a permanent job.
    • fourth graph (temporary contracts): the number of people in temporary contracts is somewhat lower than a decade ago.
    • fifth graph (union membership): only one in six workers earning less than £7 an hour belong to a trade union, a much smaller proportion than for those on higher earnings.
  • Access to training:
    • first graph (by level of qualification): the lower a person’s level of educational qualifications, the less likely they are to receive job-related training.
    • second graph (by occupation): access to training differs significantly by occupation, being least in elementary (routine) occupations, plant & machine operatives and skilled trades.
    • third graph (by industry): the best access to training is in the public sector.

Updated Northern Ireland indicators

  • Concentrations of poor children:
    • first graph (over time): half of all the primary school children who are eligible for free school meals are concentrated in a fifth of the schools.
    • second graph (by type of school): pupils eligible for free school meals have, on average, twice as many pupils in their school eligible for free school meals.
  • Impact of qualifications on work:
    • first graph (lack of work): the lower a person’s qualifications, the more likely they are to be lacking but wanting paid work.
    • second graph (low pay): the lower their level of qualifications the more likely a person is to be low paid.
  • Not in education, employment or training:
    • first graph (over time): Around one in ten 16- to 19-year-olds are now not in education, employment or training, seemingly much higher than a decade ago.
    • second graph (compared to Great Britain): The proportion of 16- to 19-year-olds who are not in education, employment or training is somewhat lower in Northern Ireland than in any of the regions of Great Britain.
  • Blue collar jobs:
    • sixth graph (by gender and occupation): women predominate in personal service, administrative, secretarial and sales jobs whilst men predominate in skilled trades and as process, plant & machine operatives.
  • Low pay by industry:
    • first graph (risks): In the hotel & restaurant, retail & wholesale and community services sector, more than half of workers are paid less than £7 per hour.
    • second graph (shares): a quarter of workers earning less than £7 per hour work in the public sector.
  • Insecure at work:
    • first graph (temporary/part-time): most part-time employees do not want a full-time job – but only a third of temporary employees do not want a permanent job.
    • second graph (temporary contracts): the number of people on temporary contracts has remained broadly unchanged throughout the last decade.
    • third graph (union membership): only one in four of workers earning less than £7 an hour belong to a trade union compared with around half of those earning £10 or more per hour.
  • Access to training:
    • first graph (by level of qualification): people with no qualifications are much less likely to receive any job-related training.
    • second graph (by occupation): access to training differs significantly by occupation, being least in elementary (routine) occupations, plant & machine operatives and skilled trades.
    • third graph (by industry): the best access to training is in financial services and the public sector.
  • Working-age adults without qualifications:
    • first graph (over time): the proportion of the working age population without any educational qualifications has fallen by a quarter over the last decade.
    • second graph (by age and gender): the proportion of people under who lack basic qualifications rises sharply with age.
    • third graph (compared to Great Britain): the proportion of the working-age population without any educational qualifications is much higher in Northern Ireland than in the rest of the UK.

Updated rural England indicators

  • Homelessness:
    • first graph (compared with urban): the proportion of households accepted as newly homeless by their local authority is much lower in rural districts than in urban districts.

Updated local area data

  • Homelessness (England only; lower tier map and spreadsheet).
  • The local authorities created on April 2009 added (lower tier map and spreadsheet).

February 2010

Updated UK indicators

  • Underage pregnancies:
    • first and second graphs (over time): the overall number of underage conceptions is similar to a decade ago, although a lower proportion now lead to actual births.
    • fourth graph (by region): the rate of conceptions amongst girls aged under 16 is highest in the North East of England.
  • Educational attainment at age 16:
    • first and second graphs (over time): 8% of pupils in England obtained fewer than 5 GCSEs in 2008/09, down from 10% in the mid 2000s.  30% obtained fewer than 5 GCSEs at grade C or above, down from 50% a decade previously.
    • fifth graph (by region): the proportion of 16-year-olds with few GCSEs is similar in all of the English regions.
  • Young adult suicides:
    • first graph (over time): the number of suicides amongst young adults aged 15 to 24 has almost halved over the last decade, although that decline now seems to have stopped.
    • second graph (by gender): four-fifths of young adult suicides are males.
    • third graph (young adult deaths more generally): as well as suicides, young men are also much more likely to die from accidents than are young women.
  • Limiting longstanding illness/disability (working age):
    • first and second graphs (over time): a quarter of adults aged 45-64 report a longstanding illness or disability which limits their activity.
    • third graph (by income): two-fifths of all adults aged 45-64 on below-average incomes have a limiting longstanding illness or disability, more than twice the rate for those on above-average incomes.
  • Limiting longstanding illness/disability (older people):
    • first and second graphs (over time): a third of adults aged 65-74, and half of adults aged 75 and over, report a limiting longstanding sickness or disability. Both proportions are similar to a decade ago.
    • third graph (by income): for those aged 65-74, the proportion with a limiting longstanding illness or disability increases as income decreases. The differences by income are less for those aged 75 and over.
  • Anxiety:
    • first graph (over time): among those aged 60 or over, around a quarter of women feel very unsafe out at night, three times the proportion for men, but lower than a decade ago.
    • second graph (by income): among women aged 60 and over, those from lower income households are one and a half times as likely to feel very unsafe out at night as those from higher income households.
  • Without home contents insurance:
    • second graph (over time): households with no home contents insurance are more than three times as likely to be burgled as those with insurance.
  • Overcrowding:
    • first graph (over time): around one in twenty people live in overcrowded conditions, the same as a decade ago.
  • Unmet housing need:
    • first graph (over time): for the first time in a decade, the number of new social housing dwellings in 2007/08 exceeded that required to keep up with demographic change.
  • Victims of crime:
    • fifth graph (worries – by type of adult): households with no home contents insurance are more than three times as likely to be burgled as those with insurance.

Updated Wales indicators

  • Concentrations of poor children:
    • first graph (over time): almost half of all the primary school children who are eligible for free school meals are concentrated in a fifth of the schools, a similar proportion to a decade ago.
    • first graph (by type of school): poor children are much more concentrated in primary schools than in secondary schools.
    • third graph (by local authority): in some authorities, a third or more of the primary schools have a high proportion of their pupils eligible for free school meals. In other authorities, there are very few such primary schools.
  • Underage pregnancies:
    • first graph (over time): the number of pregnancies to girls conceiving under age 16 is somewhat lower than a decade ago, with all of the reduction having been in births rather than abortions.
    • third graph (compared to Great Britain): the conception rate amongst girls in Wales is higher than in some of Great Britain but lower than in other parts.
  • Educational attainment at age 16:
    • second graph (by deprivation over time): although the gaps are less than a decade ago, GCSE results are still strongly linked with deprivation.
  • Dissatisfaction with local area:
    • second graph (by reason): no reason dominates what people dislike about their local area.
  • Non-participation:
    • first graph (by income): levels of participation in social, political, cultural or community organisations fall as household income falls.
    • second graph (by housing tenure): levels of participation in social, political, cultural or community organisations are higher among owner-occupiers than among renters.

Updated Northern Ireland indicators

  • Educational attainment at age 11:
    • first graph (over time): 11-year-olds in schools with a high proportion receiving free school meals are around one-and-a-half times as likely to fail to reach level 4 at Key Stage 2 as 11-year-olds on average.
    • fourth graph (by deprivation): at schools with above-average levels of deprivation, fewer 11-year-olds in Catholic schools fail to achieve level 4 at Key Stage 2 than 11-year-olds in other schools.
  • Victims of crime:
    • second graph (worries): worries about crime differ substantially by both household income and gender.

Updated rural England indicators

  • Underage pregnancies:
    • first graph (compared with urban): underage pregnancies are much lower in rural districts than in urban districts.
  • Anxiety:
    • first graph (by income): in both rural and urban areas, older women from low-income households are more likely to feel very unsafe out at night than those from higher-income households.
  • Victims of crime:
    • first graph (by tenure): for both rural and urban areas, households in rented accommodation are much more likely to be burgled than owner-occupiers.
    • second graph (by income): for rural households, the risk of being burgled is reasonably similar at all levels of income.

Updated European indicators

January 2010

New features

Any of the pages in the Welsh section can now be translated on the fly into Welsh. I’ve no idea how good (or bad) the translation is so any feedback would be appreciated.

Updated UK indicators

  • Numbers in low income:
    • fourth graph (compared to Europe): the UK has a higher proportion of its population in relative low income than most other EU countries.
  • Children with a criminal record:
    • first graph (over time): the number of children found guilty for indictable offences fell sharply in 2008, reversing the previously rising trend.
    • second graph (by age – rates): the peak rate for for offending is at age 17.
    • third graph (by age – shares): half of the offences committed by children are committed by those aged 15 or under.
    • fourth graph (by gender): three times as many boys are found guilty of, or cautioned for, indictable offences as girls but the difference is much less for theft and much greater for drug offences.
  • Young adults with a criminal record:
    • first graph (over time): the number of 18- to 20-year-olds found guilty of an indictable offence fell between 1999 and 2004 but has remained broadly unchanged since then.
  • Low income and disability:
    • fourth graph (compared to Europe): the proportion of economically inactive working-age adults who are in relative low income is higher in the UK than in any other EU country.
  • Working-age longstanding illness/disability:
    • fourth graph (by social class): adults aged 45-64 in routine and manual occupational groups are much more likely to have a limiting longstanding illness or disability than those from non-manual groups.
  • Older people longstanding illness/disability:
    • fourth graph (by social class): those aged 65 and over who had routine or manual jobs are somewhat more likely to suffer a longstanding illness or disability than those with non-manual work histories.

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